1. F.E. Osterloh, Inorganic materials as catalysts for photochemical splitting of water, Chem. Mater., 20 (2008) 35–54.
  2. A. Nasrollahpour, S.E. Moradi, Photochemical degradation of methylene blue by metal oxide-supported activated carbon photocatalyst, Desal. Water Treat., 57(19) (2016) 8854–8862.
  3. K. Qi, S. Karthikeyan, W. Kim, F. Al Marzouqi, I.S. Al-Khusaibi, Y. Kim, R. Selvaraj, Hydrothermal synthesis of SnS2 nanocrystals for photocatalytic degradation of 2,4,6-trichlorophenol under white LED light irradiation, Desal. Water Treat., 92 (2017) 108–115.
  4. X. Chen, S. Shen, L. Guo, S.S. Mao, Semiconductor-based photocatalytic hydrogen generation, Chem. Rev., 110 (2010) 6503–6570.
  5. A. Kudo, Y. Miseki, Heterogeneous photocatalyst materials for water splitting, Chem. Soc. Rev., 38 (2009) 253–278.
  6. X. Lang, X. Chen, J. Zhao, Heterogeneous visible light photocatalysis for selective organic transformations, Chem. Soc. Rev., 43 (2014) 473–486.
  7. Y. Bai, T. Chen, P. Wang, L. Wang, L. Ye, X. Shi, W. Bai, Size-dependent role of gold in g-C3N4/BiOBr/Au system for photocatalytic CO2 reduction and dye degradation, Sol. Energ. Mat. Sol. C, 157 (2016) 406–414.
  8. F. Fresno, R. Portela, S. Suárez, J.M. Coronado, Photocatalytic materials: recent achievements and near future trends, J. Mater. Chem. A, 2 (2014) 2863–2884.
  9. J.C. Yu, L. Zhang, Z. Zheng, J. Zhao, Synthesis and characterization of phosphated mesoporous titanium dioxide with high photocatalytic activity, Chem. Mater., 15 (2003) 2280–2286.
  10. X. Wang, K. Maeda, A. Thomas, K. Takanabe, G. Xin, J.M. Carlsson, K. Domen, M. Antonietti, A metal-free polymeric photocatalyst for hydrogen production from water under visible light, Nat. Mater., 8 (2009) 76–82.
  11. Y. Zhang, Q. Zhang, Q. Shi, Z. Cai, Z. Yang, Acid-treated g-C3N4 with improved photocatalytic performance in the reduction of aqueous Cr(VI) under visible-light, Sep. Purif. Technol., 142 (2015) 251–257.
  12. S.C. Yan, Z.S. Li, Z.G. Zou, Photodegradation of Rhodamine B and Methyl Orange over B-doped g-C3N4 under visible light irradiation, Langmuir, 26 (2010) 3894–3901.
  13. N. Tian, H. Huang, Y. He, Y. Guo, Y. Zhang, Novel g-C3N4/BiIO4 heterojunction photocatalysts: synthesis characterization and enhanced visible light-responsive photocatalytic activity, RSC. Adv., 4 (2014) 42716.
  14. Y. Wang, X. Wang, M. Antonietti, Polymeric graphitic carbon nitride as a heterogeneous organo catalyst: from photochemistry to multipurpose catalysis to sustainable chemistry, Angew. Chem. Int. Ed., 51 (2012) 68–89.
  15. J. Liu, Y. Zhang, L. Lu, G. Wu, W. Chen, Self-regenerated solardriven photocatalytic water splitting by urea derived graphitic carbon nitride with platinum nanoparticles, Chem. Commun., 48 (2012) 8826–8828.
  16. T. Komatsu, Attempted chemical synthesis of graphite-like carbon nitride, J. Mater. Chem., 11 (2001) 799–801.
  17. Y.C. Zhao, D.L. Yu, O. Yanagisaw, K. Matsugi, Y.J. Tian, Structural evolution of turbostratic carbon nitride after being treated with a pulse discharge, Diam. Relat. Mater., 14 (2005) 1700–1704.
  18. H.A. Ma, X.P. Jia, L.X. Chen, P.W. Zhu, W.L. Guo, X.B. Guo, Y.D. Wang, S.Q. Li, G.T. Zou, G. Zhang, High-pressure pyrolysis study of C3N6H6: a route to preparing bulk C3N4, J. Phys. Condens. Matter., 14 (2002) 11269.
  19. S.C. Yan, Z.S. Li, Z.G. Zou, Photo degradation performance of g-C3N4 fabricated by directly heating melamine, Langmuir, 25 (2009) 10397–10401.
  20. C. Zhou, C. Lai, D. Huang, G. Zeng, C. Zhang, M. Cheng, L. Hu, J. Wan, W. Xiong, M. Wen, X. Wen, L. Qin, Highly porous carbon nitride by supramolecular preassembly of monomers for photocatalytic removal of sulfamethazine under visible light driven, Appl. Catal. B: Environ., 220 (2018) 202–210.
  21. K.H. Leong, P.F. Lim, L.C. Sim, V. Punia, S. Pichiah, Improved solar light stimulated charge separation of g-C3N4 through self-altering acidic treatment, Appl. Surf. Sci., 430 (2018) 355– 361.
  22. W.J. Ong, L.K. Putri, L.L.Tan, S.P. Chai, S.T. Yong, Hetero structured AgX/g-C3N4 (X = Cl and Br) nanocomposites via a sonication-assisted deposition-precipitation approach: Emerging role of halide ions in the synergistic photocatalytic reduction of carbon dioxide, Appl. Catal. B Environ., 180 (2016) 530–543.
  23. L.J. Fang, Y.H. Li, P.F. Liu, D.P. Wang, H.D. Zeng, X.L. Wang, H.G. Yang, Facile fabrication of large aspect ratio g-C3N4 nanosheets for enhanced photocatalytic hydrogen evolution, ACS. Sustainable. Chem. Eng., 5 (2017) 2039–2043.
  24. X. Chen, L. Zhang, B. Zhang, X. Guo, X. Mu, Highly selective hydrogenation of furfural to furfuruyl alcohol over Pt nanoparticles supported on g-C3N4 nanosheets catalysts in water, Sci. Rep., 6 (2016) 28558.
  25. L. Jiang, X. Yuan, G. Zeng, X. Chen, Z. Wu, J. Liang, J. Zhang, H. Wang, H. Wang, Phosphorus- and sulfur-codoped g-C3N4: facile preparation, mechanism insight, and application as efficient photocatalyst for tetracycline and methyl orange degradation under visible light irradiation, ACS Sustain. Chem. Eng., 5 (2017) 5831–5841.
  26. Y. Guo, T. Chen, Q. Liu, Z. Zhang, X. Fang, Insight into the enhanced photocatalytic activity of potassium and iodine Co doped graphitic carbon nitride photocatalysts, J. Phys. Chem. C, 120 (2016) 25328–25337.
  27. M. Jaysankar, W. Qiu, J. Bastos, J.G. Tait, M. Debucquoy, U.W. Paetzold, D. Cheyns, J. Poortmans, Crystallisation dynamics in wide-bandgap perovskite films, J. Chem. Mater. A, 4 (2016) 10524–10531.
  28. X.H. Li, J.S. Chen, X. Wang, J. Sun, M. Antonietti, Metal-free activation of dioxygen by graphene/g-C3N4 nanocomposites: functional dyads for selective oxidation of saturated hydrocarbons, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 133 (2011) 8074–8077.
  29. Y. Zhang, T. Mori, J. Ye, M. Antonietti, Phosphorus-doped carbon nitride solid: enhanced electrical conductivity and photocurrent generation, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 132 (2010) 6294–6295.
  30. J. Liu, Y. Liu, N. Liu, Y. Han, X. Zhang, H. Huang, Y. Lifshitz, S. T. Lee, J. Zho, Metal-free efficient photocatalyst for stable visible water splitting via a two-electron pathway, Science, 347 (2015) 970–974.
  31. J. Xu, F. Wu, Q. Jiang, Y.X. Li, Mesoporous carbon nitiride grafted with n-bromobutance: a highly performance heterogeneous catalyst for the solvent free cycloaddition of CO2 to propylene carbonate, Catal. Sci. Technol., 5 (2015) 447–454.
  32. X. Du, G. Zou, X. Wang, Controllable and scalable synthesis of ordered mesoporous silica nanosheets by using acidified g-C3N4 as a lamellar, Nanotechnology, 28 (2017) 1–10.
  33. A. Shi, H.H. Li, S. Yin, B. Liu, J.C. Zhang, Y. Wang, Effect of conjugation degree and delocalized π-system on the photocatalytic activity of single layer g-C3N4, Appl. Catal. B Environ., 218 (2017) 137–146.
  34. C. Ronning, H. Feddermann, R. Mark, H. Hofsass, Carbon nitride deposited using energetic species: A review on XPS studies, Phys. Rev. B, 58 (1998) 2207–2215.
  35. B.R. Pistillo, K. Menguelti, D. Arl, F. Addiego, D. Lenoble, D. PRAP-CVD: how to design high conformal PEDOT surfaces, RSC Adv., 7 (2017) 19117–19123.
  36. J. Xiao, Y. Xie, H. Cao, Y. Wang, Z. Guo, Y. Chen, Towards effective design of active nanocarbon materials for integrating visible-light photocatalysis with ozonation, Carbon, 107 (2016) 658–666.
  37. W.J. Gammon, O. Kraft, A.C. Reilly, B.C. Holloway, Experimental comparison of N(1s) X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy binding energies of hard and elastic amorphous carbon nitride films with reference organic compounds, Carbon, 41 (2003) 1917–1923.
  38. T. Susi, T. Pichler, P. Ayala, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy of graphitic carbon nanomaterials doped with heteroatoms, Beilstein J. Nanotech., 6 (2015) 177–192.
  39. F. Yang, V. Kuznietsov, M. Lublow, C. Merschjann, A. Steigert, J. Klaer, A. Thomas, T. Schedel-Niedrig, Solar hydrogen evolution using metal-free photocatalytic polymeric carbon nitride/ CuInS2 composites as photocathodes, J. Chem. Mater. A, 1 (2013) 6407–6415.
  40. L. Ge, F. Zuo, J. Liu, Q. Ma, C. Wang, D. Sun, L. Bartels, P. Feng, Synthesis and efficient visible light photocatalytic hydrogen evolution of polymeric g-C3N4 coupled with CdS quantum dots, J. Phys. Chem. C, 116 (2012) 13708–13714.
  41. F. Dong, Y. Li, Z.Y. Wang, W.K. Ho, Enhanced visible light photocatalytic activity and oxidation ability of porous graphenelike g-C3N4 nanosheets via thermal exfoliation, Appl. Surf. Sci., 358 (2015) 393–403
  42. M.J. McAllister, J.L. Li, D.H. Adamson, H.C. Schniepp, A.A. Abdala, J. Liu, M. Herrera-Alonso, D.L. Milius, R. Car, R.K. Prud’homme, I.A. Aksay, Single sheet functionalized graphene by oxidation and thermal expansion of graphite, Chem. Mater., 19 (2007) 4396–4404.
  43. W. Ho, J.C. Yu, J. Lin, J. Yu, P. Li, Preparation and photocatalytic behavior of MoS2 and WS2 Nanocluster Sensitized TiO2, Langmuir, 20 (2004) 5865–5869.
  44. R. Zuo, G. Du, W. Zhang, L. Liu, Y. Liu, L. Mei, Z. Li, Photocatalytic degradation of Methylene Blue using TiO2-impregnated diatomite, Adv. Mater. Sci. Eng., (2014) 1–7.