1. R.J. Aitken, M.Q. Chaudhry, A.B.A. Boxall, M. Hull, Manufacture and use of nanomaterials: current status in the UK and global trends, Occup. Med., 56 (2006) 300–306.
  2. J. Xia, H.Z. Zhao, G.H. Lu, Effects of selected metal oxide nanoparticles on multiple biomarkers in Carassius auratus, Biomed. Environ. Sci., 26 (2013) 742–749.
  3. G. Song, W. Hou, Y. Gao, Y. Wang, L. Lin, Z. Zhang, Q. Niu, R. Ma, L. Mu, H. Wang, Effects of CuO nanoparticles on Lemna minor, Bot. Stud., 57 (2016). DOI: 10.1186/s40529-016-0118-x.
  4. N. Doskocz, K. Affek, M. Załęska-Radziwiłł, Effects of Aluminium Oxide Nanoparticles on Bacterial Growth, E3S Web of Conferences, Vol. 17, 2017. DOI: 10.1051/e3sconf/20171700019.
  5. N. Mykhaylenko, E.K. Zolotareva, The effect of copper and selenium nanocarboxylates on biomass accumulation and photosynthetic energy transduction efficiency of the green algae Chlorella vulgaris, Nanoscale Res. Lett.,12 (2017) 147.
  6. A. Kahru, H.C. Dubourguier, From ecotoxicology to nanoecotoxicology, Toxicology, 269 (2010) 105–119.
  7. C. Gunawan, W.Y. Teoh, C.P. Marquis, R. Amal, Cytotoxic origin of copper(II) oxide nanoparticles: comparative studies with micron-sized particles, leachate, and metal salts, ACS Nano, 5 (2011) 7214–7225.
  8. J. Zhao, Z. Wang, X. Liu, X. Xie, K. Zhang, B. Xing, Distribution of CuO nanoparticles in juvenile carp (Cyprinus carpio) and their potential toxicity, J. Hazard. Mater., 197 (2011) 304–310.
  9. Y. Li, W. Zhang, J. Niu, Y. Chen, Mechanism of photogenerated reactive oxygen species and correlation with the antibacterial properties of engineered metal-oxide nanoparticles, ACS Nano, 6 (2012) 5164–5173.
  10. B. R. Langerud, M. Sandvik, Development of containerized Picea abies (L.) Karst seedlings grown with heavy watering on various peat, perlite and mineral wool mixtures, New Forests, 1 (1987) 89–99.
  11. M. Łebkowska, M. Załęska-Radziwiłł, Ecotoxicity of nanoparticles, Och. Śr., 33 (2011) 23–26.
  12. A. Oukarroum, S. Bras, F. Perreault, R. Popovic, Inhibitory effects of silver nanoparticles in two green algae, Chlorella vulgaris and Dunaliella tertiolecta, Ecotoxicol. Environ. Saf., 78 (2012) 80–85.
  13. Guidance for the Implementation of REACH, Guidance on Information Requirements and Chemical Safety Assessment, Chapter R.10: Characterisation of Dose [Concentration], Response for Environment; ECHA, Brussels, Belgium, 2008. Available at:
  14. K. Van Hoecke, J.T.K. Quik, J. Mankiewicz-Boczek, K.A.C. De Schamphelaere, A. Elsaesser, P. Van der Meeren, C. Barnes, G. McKerr, C.V. Howard, D. Van De Meent, K. Rydzyński, K.A. Dawson, A. Salvati, A. Lesniak, I. Lynch, G. Silversmit, B. De Samber, L. Vincze, C.R. Janssen, Fate and effects of CeO2 nanoparticles in aquatic ecotoxicity tests, Environ. Sci. Technol., 43 (2009) 4537–4546.
  15. A. Boxall, Q. Chaudhry, A. Jones, B. Jefferson, C. Watts, Current and Future Predicted Environmental Exposure to Engineered Nanoparticles, Central Science Laboratory, York, UK, 2007.
  16. PN-EN ISO 8692, Water Quality — Fresh water algal Growth Inhibition Test with Unicellular Green Algae, 2012.
  17. PN-EN ISO 20079, Water Quality – Determination of the Toxic Effect of Water Constituents and Waste Water to Duckweed (Lemna minor) – Duckweed Growth Inhibition Test, International Organisation for Standardisation, 2004.
  18. E. Weber, Grundniss der biologischen Statistok für Naturwissen schaftler, Landwirte und Medizimer, Veb. Fischer Verlag. Jena, 1972.
  19. P.M. Berthouex, L.C. Brown, Statistic for Environmental Engineers, Lewis Publishers, C.R.C. Press Inc., Boca Raton, 1994.
  20. Commission of the European Communities: Technical Guidance Document in Support of Commission Directive 93/67/EEC on Risk Assessment for Existing Substances, Part II-Environmental Risk Assessment, Brusssels, Belgium, 1996.
  21. T. Aldenberg, J.S. Jaworska, Uncertainty of the hazardous concentration and fraction affected for normal species sensitivity distributions, Ecotoxicol. Environ. Saf., 46 (2000) 1–18.
  22. V. Aruoja, S. Pokhrel, M. Sihtmäe, M. Mortimer, L. Mädlerb, A. Kahru, Toxicity of 12 metal-based nanoparticles to algae, bacteria and protozoa, Environ. Sci. Nano, 2 (2015) 630–644.
  23. R.J. Griffitt, J. Luo, J. Gao, J.C. Bonzongo, D.S. Barber, Effects of particle composition and species on toxicity of metallic nanomaterials in aquatic organisms, Environ. Toxicol. Chem., 27 (2008) 1972–1978.
  24. M. Sadiq, S. Pakrashi, N. Chandrasekaran, A. Mukherjee, Studies on toxicity of aluminium oxide (Al2O3) nanoparticles to microalgae species: Scenedesmus sp. and Chlorella sp., J. Nanopart. Res., 13 (2010) 3287–3299.
  25. Z. Wang, J. Li, J. Zhao, B. Xing, Toxicity and internalization of CuO nanoparticles to prokaryotic alga Microcystis aeruginosa as affected by dissolved organic matter, Environ. Sci. Technol., 45 (2011) 6032–6040.
  26. C.W. Lee, S. Mahendra, K. Zodrow, D. Li, Y.C. Tsai, J. Braam, P.J. Alvarez, Developmental phytotoxicity of metal oxide nanoparticles to Arabidopsis thaliana, Environ. Toxicol. Chem., 29 (2010) 669–675.
  27. N. Chrzanowska, M. Załęska-Radziwiłł, Impact of selected nanoparticles on higher plants, Inter. Issues Eng. Environ. Prot., 2 (2012) 111–122.
  28. N.C. Mueller, B. Nowack, Exposure modeling of engineered nanoparticles in the environment, Environ. Sci. Technol., 15 (2008) 4447–4453.
  29. B. Nowack, T.D. Bucheli, Occurrence, behavior and effects of nanoparticles in the environment, Environ. Pollut., 150 (2007) 5–22.
  30. M. Załęska-Radziwiłł, N. Doskocz, DNA changes in Pseudomonas putida induced by aluminium oxide nanoparticles using RAPD analysis, Desal. Wat. Treat., 57 (2016) 1573–1581.
  31. M. Załęska-Radziwiłł, N. Doskocz, Ecotoxicity of zirconium oxide nanoparticles in relation to aquatic invertebrates, Desal. Wat. Treat., 57 (2016) 1443–1450.
  32. B. Asadishad, S. Chahal, V. Cianciarelli, K. Zhou, N. Tufenkji, Effect of gold nanoparticles on extracellular nutrient-cycling enzyme activity and bacterial community in soil slurries: role of nanoparticle size and surface coating, Environ. Sci. Nano, 4 (2017) 907–918.
  33. R. Dinesh, M. Anandaraj, V. Srinivasan, S. Hamza, Engineered nanoparticles in the soil and their potential implications to microbial activity, Geoderma, 173–174 (2012) 19–27.
  34. Regulation (EC) No 1907/2006 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 18 December 2006 Concerning the Registration, Evaluation, Authorisation and Restriction of Chemicals (REACH), Establishing a European Chemicals Agency.
  35. ECB, Technical Guidance Document on Risk Assessment; European Chemicals Bureau, 2003.