1. T. Robinson, G. McMullan, R. Marchant, P. Nigam, Remediation of dyes in textile effluent: a critical review on current treatment technologies with a proposed alternative, Bioresour. Technol., 77(3) (2001) 247–255.
  2. C.J. Ogugbue, T. Sawidis, Bioremediation and detoxification of synthetic wastewater containing triarylmethane dyes by Aeromonas hydrophila isolated from industrial effluent, Biotechnol. Res. Int., 2011. Article ID 967925, 11 pages. DOI: 10.4061/2011/967925.
  3. A.B. Dos Santos, F.J. Cervantes, J.B. van Lier, Review paper on current technologies for decolourisation of textile wastewaters: perspectives for anaerobic biotechnology, Bioresour. Technol., 98(12) (2007) 2369–2385.
  4. A.M. Talarposhti, T. Donnelly, G.K. Anderson, Colour removal from a simulated dye wastewater using a two-phase anaerobic packed bed reactor, Water Res., 35(2) (2001) 425–432.
  5. L.K. Lowry, W. Tolos, M.F. Boeniger, C.R. Nony, M.C. Bowman, Chemical monitoring of urine from workers potentially exposed to benzidine-derived azo dyes, Toxicol. Lett., 7(1) (1980) 29–36.
  6. G. Bayramoğlu, G. Çelik, M.Y. Arica, Biosorption of Reactive Blue 4 dye by native and treated fungus Phanerocheate chrysosporium: Batch and continuous flow system studies, J. Hazard. Mater., 137(3) (2006) 1689–1697.
  7. L.C. Morais, O.M. Freitas, E.P. Goncalves, L.T. Vasconcelos, C.G. Beca, Reactive dyes removal from wastewaters by adsorption on eucalyptus bark: variables that define the process, Water Res., 33(4) (1999) 979–988.
  8. M.S. Chiou, H.Y. Li, Equilibrium and kinetic modeling of adsorption of reactive dye on cross-linked chitosan beads, J. Hazard. Mater., 93 (2002) 233–248.
  9. H. Demir, A. Top, D. Balköse,S. Ülkü, Dye adsorption behavior of Luffa cylindrica fibers, J. Hazard. Mater., 153 (2008) 389–394.
  10. S.S. Ahluwalia, D. Goyal, Microbial and plant derived biomass for removal of heavy metals from wastewater, Bioresour. Technol., 98(12) (2007) 2243–2257.
  11. B. Volesky, Detoxification of metal-bearing effluents: biosorption for the next century, Hydrometallurgy, 59(2) (2001) 203– 216.
  12. C. Ye, N. Hu, Z. Wang, Experimental investigation of Luffa cylindrica as a natural sorbent material for the removal of a cationic surfactant, J. Taiwan. Inst. Chem. Eng., 44(1) (2013) 74–80.
  13. B.H. Hameed, M.I. El-Khaiary, Malachite green adsorption by rattan sawdust: isotherm, kinetic and mechanism modeling, J. Hazard. Mater., 159 (2008) 574–579.
  14. A.S. Alzaydien, Adsorption behavior of methyl orange onto wheat bran: Role of surface and pH, Oriental J. Chem., 31(2) (2015) 643–651.
  15. P.K. Malik, Use of activated carbons prepared from sawdust and rice-husk for adsorption of acid dyes: a case study of Acid Yellow 36, Dyes Pigments, 56(3) (2003) 239–249.
  16. A.A. Attia, A.N. El-Hendawy, S.A. Khedr, T.H. El-Nabarawy, Textural properties and adsorption of dyes onto carbons derived from cotton stalks, Adsorpt. Sci. Tech., 22(5) (2004) 411–426.
  17. R. Rehman, T. Mahmud, R. Ejaz, A. Rauf, L. Mitu, Sorptive removal of Direct Blue 15 dye from water using Camellia sinensis and Carica papaya leaves, Bulg. Chem. Commun., 49(1) (2017) 20–25.
  18. A.P. Vieira, S.A.A. Santana, C.W.B. Bezerra, H.A.S. Silva, J.A.P. Chaves, J.C.P. Melo, E.C.S. Filho, C. Airold, Kinetics and thermodynamics of textile dye adsorption from aqueous solutions using babassu coconut mesocarp, J. Hazard. Mater., 166 (2009) 1272–1278.
  19. F. Deniz, S. Karaman, Removal of Basic Red 46 dye from aqueous solution by pine tree leaves, Chem. Eng. J., 170 (2011) 67–74.
  20. U.S. Orlando, T. Okuda, W. Nishijima, Chemical properties of anion exchangers prepared from waste natural materials, React. Funct. Poly., 55 (2003) 311–318.
  21. R. Gong, Y. Ding, M. Li, C. Yang, H. Liu, Y. Sun, Utilization of powdered peanut hull as biosorbent for removal of anionic dyes from aqueous solution, Dyes Pigments, 64(3) (2005) 187– 192.
  22. G.N. Manju, C. Raji, T.S. Anirudhan, Evaluation of coconut husk carbon for the removal of arsenic from water, Water Res., 32(10) (1998) 3062–3070.
  23. I.O. Mazali, O.L. Alves, Morphosynthesis: high fidelity inorganic replica of the fibrous network of loofa sponge (Luffa cylindrica), An. Acad. Bras. Ciênc., 77(1) (2005) 25–31.
  24. N. Boudechiche, H. Mokaddem, Z. Sadaoui, M. Trari, Biosorption of cationic dye from aqueous solutions onto lignocellulosic biomass (Luffa cylindrica), Int. J. Indust. Chem., 7(2) (2016) 167–180.
  25. A. Altınışık, E. Gür, Y. Seki, A natural sorbent, Luffa cylindrica for the removal of a model basic dye, J. Hazard. Mater., 179(1) (2010) 658–664.
  26. O.S. Esan, O.N. Abiola, O. Owoyomi, C.O. Aboluwoye, M.O. Osundiya, Adsorption of Brilliant Green onto Luffa cylindrica sponge: Equilibrium, kinetics, and thermodynamic sstudies, I.S.R.N. Phys. Chem., 2014, Article ID 743532, 12 pages. DOI: 10.1155/2014/743532.
  27. A. Rauf, T. Mahmud, M. Ashraf, R. Rehman, Sorptive removal of alizarin yellow-R from the water using fibers of Luffa cylindrica sponge, Int. J. Environ. Sustain., 12(4) (2016) 31–47.
  28. M. Iqbal, A. Saeed, Biosorption of reactive dye by loofa sponge-immobilized fungal biomass of Phanerochaete chrysosporium, Process Biochem., 42(7) (2007) 1160–1164.
  29. M.A. Mazmanci, A. Ünyayar, Decolourisation of Reactive Black 5 by Funalia trogii immobilised on Luffa cylindrica sponge, Process Biochem., 40(1) (2005) 337–342.
  30. G.D. Saratale, R.G. Saratale, J.S. Chang, S.P. Govindwar, Fixedbed decolorization of Reactive Blue 172 by Proteus vulgaris NCIM-2027 immobilized on Luffa cylindrica sponge, Int. Biodeterior. Biodegrad., 65(3) (2011) 494–503.
  31. P. Saueprasearsit, M. Nuanjaraen, M. Chinlapa, Biosorption of lead (Pb2+) by Luffa cylindrica fiber, Environ. Res. J., 4(1) (2010) 157–166.
  32. I.O. Oboh, E.O. Aluyor, T.O. Audu, Application of Luffa cylindrica in natural form as biosorbent to removal of divalent metals from aqueous solutions-kinetic and equilibrium study. In Waste Water Treatment and Reutilization. edited by Fernando Sebastián García Einschlag,Carotia: InTech. (2011) 195– 213.
  33. A. Shahidi, N. Jalilnejad, E. Jalilnejad, A study on adsorption of cadmium (II) ions from aqueous solution using Luffa cylindrica, Desal. Water Treat., 53(13) (2015) 3570–3579.
  34. Society of Dyers and Colourists, 1971. Colour Index, 3rd ed., Vol. 4, p. 4208, Bradford, Yorkshire.
  35. K.T. Perez, E.W. Davey, G.E. Morrison, A.W. Super, S. Marino, Environmental assessment of Benzidine based Azo dye, Direct Blue 15 in Experimental Marine Microcosms, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, ERL-N contribution No. 882 (1987) Narragansett, RI.
  36. F. Lyon, Occupational exposures of hairdressers and barbers and personal use of hair colourants, some hair dyes, cosmetic colourants, industrial dyestuffs and aromatic amines, IARC Monographs on the Evaluation of Carcinogenic Risks to Humans, 57 (1993) 235–245.
  37. N. Yilgor, C. Köse, E. Terzi, A.K. Figen, R. Ibach, S.N. Kartal, S. Pişkin, Degradation behavior and accelerated weathering of composite boards produced from waste Tetra Pak® packaging materials, BioResources, 9(3) (2014) 4784–4807.
  38. I. Langmuir, The adsorption of gases on plane surfaces of glass, mica and platinum, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 40 (1918) 1361–1403.
  39. H.M.F. Freundlich, Over the adsorption in solution, J. Phys. Chem., 57 (1906) 385–470.
  40. M.I. Temkin, V. Pyzhev, Kinetics of ammonia synthesis on promoted iron catalysts, Acta Physiochim. U. R. S. S., 12 (1940) 217–222.
  41. M.M. Dubinin, L.V. Radushkevich, Equation of the characteristic curve of activated charcoal, Chem. Zentr., 1 (1947) 875– 890.
  42. M.M. Dubinin, The potential theory of adsorption of gases and vapors for adsorbents with energetically non-uniform surface, Chem. Rev., 60 (1960) 235–241.
  43. D. Ghosh, G.K. Bhattacharyya, Adsorption of methylene blue on kaolinite, Appl. Clay Sci., 20 (2002) 295–300.
  44. V. Fierro, V. Torné-Fernández, D. Montané, A. Celzard, Adsorption of phenol onto activated carbons having different textural and surface properties, Micropor. Mesopor. Mater., 111(1) (2008) 276–284.
  45. A.A. Nunes, A.S. Franca, L.S. Oliveira, Activated carbons from waste biomass: an alternative use for biodiesel production solid residues, Bioresour. Technol., 100(5) (2009) 1786–1792.
  46. M.J. Horsfall, A.I. Spiff, A.A. Abia, Studies on the influence of mercaptoacetic acid (MAA) modification of cassava (manihot sculenta cranz) waste biomass on the adsorption of Cu2+ and Cd2+ from aqueous solution, Bullet. Korean Chem. Soc., 25(7) (2004) 969–976.
  47. A.U. Itodo, U.O. Happiness, I.O. Obaroh, A.U. Usman, S.S. Audu, R.D. Temkin, Langmuir and Freundlich adsorption isotherms of industrial dye uptake unto H3PO4 catalyzed poultry waste bioadsorbent, J. Sci. Technol. Res., 8(1) (2009) 52–56.
  48. J.P. Silva, S. Sousa, J. Rodrigues, H. Antunes, J.J. Porter, I. Gonçalves, S. Ferreira-Dias, Adsorption of acid orange 7 dye in aqueous solutions by spent brewery grains, Sep. Purif. Technol., 40(3) (2004) 309–315.
  49. S. Lagergren, About the theory of so-called adsorption of soluble substances, Kung. Sven. Vetensk. Handl., 24(4) (1898) 1–39.
  50. Y.S. Ho, G. McKay, Kinetic models for the sorption of dye from aqueous solution by wood, Process Saf. Environ. Prot., 76(2) (1998) 183–191.
  51. S. Chien, W. Clayton, Application of Elovich equation to the kinetics of phosphate release and sorption in soils, Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J., 44(2) (1980) 265–268.
  52. A.M. Awwad, N.M. Salem, Kinetics and thermodynamics of Cd(II) biosorption onto loquat (Eriobotrya japonica) leaves, J. Saud. Chem. Soc., 18(5) (2014) 486–493.
  53. G. McKay, Y.S. Ho, J.C.Y. Ng, Biosorption of copper from wastewaters: A review, Sep. Purif. Methods., 28 (1999) 87–125.
  54. H. Teng, C.T. Hsieh, Activation energy for oxygen chemisorption on carbon at low temperatures, Indust. Eng. Chem. Res., 38(1) (1999) 292–297.
  55. M.K. Aroua, S.P.P. Leong, L.Y. Teo, C.Y. Yin, W.M.A.W. Daud, Real-time determination of kinetics of adsorption of lead (II) onto palm shell-based activated carbon using ion selective electrode, Bioresour. Technol., 99(13) (2008) 5786–5792.
  56. G.E. Boyd, A.W. Adamson, L.S. Myers, The exchange adsorption of ions from aqueous solutions on organic zeolites, Kinetics II, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 69(11) (1947) 2836–2848.
  57. W.J. Weber, J.C. Morris, Kinetics of adsorption on carbon from solution, J. Sanit. Eng. Div. Am. Soc. Civil Eng., 89 (1963) 31–60.
  58. S.J. Allen, G. Mckay, K.Y.H. Khader, Intraparticle diffusion of a basic dye during adsorption onto sphagnum peat, Environ. Pollut., 56(1) (1989) 39–50.
  59. A.E.A.A. Said, A.A. Aly, M.M.A. El-Wahab, S.A. Soliman, A.A.A. El-Hafez, V. Helmey, M.N. Goda, Potential application of propionic acid modified sugarcane bagasse for removing of basic and acid dyes from industrial wastewater, Resour. Environ., 2(3) (2012) 93–99.
  60. Y.S. Ho, J.C.Y. Ng, G. McKay, Kinetics of pollutant sorption by biosorbents: Review, Sep. Purifi. Methods., 29(2) (2010) 189–232.
  61. J. Sarma, A. Sarma, K.G. Bhattacharyya, Biosorption of commercial dyes on Azadirachtaindica leaf powder: a case study with a basic dye rhodamine B, Indust. Eng. Chem. Res., 47(15) (2008) 5433–5440.
  62. T.M. Rao, P.B.R.V. Venkata, Biosorption of Congo Red from aqueous solution by crab shell residue: a comprehensive study, Springerplus, 5 (2016) 537.
  63. M. Solener, S. Tunali, A.S. Ozcan, A. Ozcan, T. Gedikbey, Adsorption characteristics of lead (II) ions onto the clay/poly (methoxyethyl)acrylamide (PMEA) composite from aqueous solutions, Desalination, 223 (2008) 308–322.
  64. F.A. Ugbe, A.A. Pam, A.V. Ikudayisi, Thermodynamic properties of chromium (III) ion adsorption by sweet orange (Citrus sinensis) peels, Am. J. Analyt. Chem., 5(10) (2014) 666–673.
  65. P. Atkins, D.J. Paula, Atkin’s Physical Chemistry, New York, Oxford University Press, 2010, pp. 894–895.