1. G.M. Zaki, T. El Dali, H. El Shafie, Improved Performance of Solar Still, Proc. First Arab Int. Solar Energy Conf., Kuwait, pp. 331–335.
  2. S.N. Rai, G.N, Tiwari, Single basin solar still coupled with flat plate collector, Energy Convers. Manage., 23 (1983) pp. 145–149.
  3. R. Sathyamurthy, S.A. El-Agouz, P.K. Nagarajan, J. Subramani, T. Arunkumar, D. Mageshbabu, B. Madhu, R. Bharathwaaj, N. Prakashe, A review of integrating solar collectors to solar still, Renew. Sustain Energy Rev., 77 (2017) 1069–1097.
  4. M. Tiana, Y. Sua, H. Zheng, G. Peic, G. Lic, S. Riffata, A review on the recent research progress in the compound parabolic concentrator (CPC) for solar energy applications, Renew. Sustain Energy Rev., 82 (2018) 1272–1296.
  5. Z.S. Abdel-Rehim, A. Lasheen, Experimental and theoretical study of a solar desalination system located in Cairo, Egypt, Desalination, 217 (2007) 52–64.
  6. O.A. Hamadou, K. Abdellatif, Modeling an active solar still for sea water desalination process optimization, Desalination, 354 (2014) 1–8.
  7. A.A. Badran, A.A. Al-Hallaq, I.A. Eyal Salman, M.Z. Odat, A solar still augmented with a flat-plate collector, Desalination, 172 (2005) 227–234.
  8. H. Taghvaei, H. Taghvaei, K. Jafarpur, M.R. Karimi Estahbanati, M. Feilizadeh, M. Feilizadeh, A.S. Ardekani, A thorough investigation of the effects of water depth on the performance of active solar stills, Desalination, 347 (2014) 77–85.
  9. F. Calise, M.D. d’Accadia, A. Piacentino, A novel solar trigeneration system integrating PVT (photovoltaic/thermal collectors) and SW (seawater) desalination: dynamic simulation and economic assessment, Energy, 67 (2014) 129–148.
  10. A.G.M. Ibrahim, E.E. Allam, S.E. Elshamarka, A modified basin type solar still: experimental performance and economic study, Energy, 93 (2015) 335–342.
  11. G.N. Tiwari, J.K. Yadav, D.B. Singh, I.M. Al-Helal, A.M. Abdel- Ghany, Exergoeconomic and enviroeconomic analyses of partially covered photovoltaic flat plate collector active solar distillation system, Desalination, 367 (2015) 186–196.
  12. D.B. Singh, J.K. Yadav, V.K. Dwivedi, S. Kumar, G.N. Tiwari, I.M. Al-Helal, Experimental studies of active solar still integrated with two hybrid PVT collectors, Solar Energy, 130 (2016) 207–223.
  13. S. Kumar, A. Tiwari, Design, fabrication and performance of a hybrid photovoltaic/thermal (PVT) active solar still, Energy Convers. Manage., 51 (2010) 1219–1229.
  14. D.D.W. Rufuss, V.R. Kumar, L. Suganthi, S. Iniyan, P.A. Davies, Techno-economic analysis of solar stills using integrated fuzzy analytical hierarchy process and data envelopment analysis, Solar Energy, 159 (2018) 820–833.
  15. S. Rashidi, J.A. Esfahani, N. Rahbar, Partitioning of solar still for performance recovery: experimental and numerical investigations with cost analysis, 153 (2017) 41–50.
  16. L. Malaeb, K. Aboughali, G.M. Ayoub, Modeling of a modified solar still system with enhanced productivity, Solar Energy, 125 (2016) 360–372.
  17. K. Rabhia, R. Nciria, F. Nasria, C. Alia, H.B. Bachae, Experimental performance analysis of a modified single-basin single-slope solar still with pin fins absorber and condenser, Desalination, 416 (2017) 86–93.
  18. S.W. Sharshir, G. Peng, N. Yang, M.A. Eltawil, M.K.A. Ali, A.E. Kabeel, A hybrid desalination system using humidificationdehumidification and solar stills integrated with evacuated solar water heater, Energy Convers. Manage., 124 (2016) 287–296.
  19. The Bao Nguyen, Factors affecting the yield of solar distillation systems and measures to improve productivity, Desal. Wat. Treat., 68 (2018) 91–98.
  20. S.J.P. Gnanaraj, S. Ramachandran, Optimization on performance of single-slope solar still linked solar pond via Taguchi method, Desal. Wat. Treat., 80 (2017) 27–40.
  21. Y.P. Yadav A.K. Singh, Experimental and theoretical investigations on a double exposure, Desal. Wat. Treat., 61 (2017) 257–261.
  22. M.A. Eltawil, Z.M. Omara, Enhancing the solar still performance using solar photovoltaic, flat plate collector and hot air, Desalination, 349 (2014) 1–9.
  23. F. Saeedi, F. Sarhaddi, A. Behzadmehr, Optimization of a PV/T (photovoltaic/thermal) active solar still, Energy, 87 (2015) 142–152.
  24. D.B. Singh, G.N. Tiwari, Effect of energy matrices on life cycle cost analysis of partially covered photovoltaic compound parabolic concentrator collector active solar distillation system, Desalination, 397 (2016) 75–91.
  25. D.B. Singh, G.N. Tiwari, Enhancement in energy metrics of double slope solar still by incorporating N identical PVT collectors, Solar Energy, 143 (2017) 142–161.
  26. D.B. Singh, G.N. Tiwari, Performance analysis of basin type solar stills integrated with N identical photovoltaic thermal (PVT) compound parabolic concentrator (CPC) collectors: a comparative study, Solar Energy, 142 (2017) 144–158.
  27. D.B. Singh, G.N. Tiwari, Exergoeconomic, enviroeconomic and productivity analyses of basin type solar stills by incorporating N identical PVT compound parabolic concentrator collectors: a comparative study, Energy Convers. Manage., 135 (2017) 129–147.
  28. R.V. Singh, S. Kumar, M.M. Hasan, M.E. Khan, G.N. Tiwari, Performance of a solar still integrated with evacuated tube collector in natural mode, Desalination, 318 (2013) 25–33.
  29. S. Kumar, A. Dubey, G.N. Tiwari, A solar still augmented with an evacuated tube collector in forced mode, Desalination, 347 (2014) 15–24.
  30. D.B. Singh, G.N. Tiwari, Analytical characteristic equation of N identical evacuated tubular collectors integrated single slope solar still, Desal. Wat. Treat., 88 (2017) 41–51.
  31. D.B. Singh, G.N. Tiwari, Energy, exergy and cost analyses of N identical evacuated tubular collectors integrated basin type solar stills: a comparative study, Solar Energy, 155 (2017) 829–846.
  32. T. Arunkumar, R. Velraj, D.C. Denkenberger, R. Sathyamurthy, K.V. Kumar, A. Ahsan, Productivity enhancements of compound parabolic concentrator tubular solar stills, Renew. Energy, 88 (2016) 391–400.
  33. S. Dubey, G.N. Tiwari, Analysis of PV/T flat plate water collectors connected in series, Solar Energy, 83 (2009) 1485–1498.
  34. Shyam, G.N. Tiwari, I.M. Al-Helal, Analytical expression of temperature dependent electrical efficiency of N-PVT water collectors connected in series, Solar Energy, 114 (2015) 61–76.
  35. D.L. Evans, Simplified method for predicting PV array output, Solar Energy, 27 (1981) 555–560.
  36. T. Schott, Operational Temperatures of PV Modules, Proceedings of 6th PV Solar Energy Conference, pp. 392–396.
  37. J. Fernandez, N. Chargoy, Multistage indirectly heated solar still, Solar Energy, 44 (1990) 215.
  38. S. Toyama, K. Kagakuv, Gijitsu, 24, 159, Maruzen, Tokyo, 1972.
  39. G.N. Tiwari, Solar Energy, Fundamentals, Design, Modeling and Application, Narosa Publishing House, 2013, pp. 278–306.
  40. P.K. Nag, Basic and Applied Thermodynamics, Tata McGraw- Hill, New Delhi, 2004.
  41. P.I. Cooper, Digital simulation of experimental solar still data, Solar Energy, 14 (1973) 451.
  42. R.V. Dunkle, Solar Water Distillation, the Roof Type Solar Still and Multi effect Diffusion Still, International Developments in Heat Transfer, A.S.M.E. Proc. International Heat transfer, Part V, p. 895, University of Colorado, 1961.
  43. R. Petela, Exergy of undiluted thermal radiation, Solar Energy, 86 (2003) 241–247.
  44. B.J. Huang, T.H. Lin, W.C. Hung, F.S. Sun, Performance evaluation of solar photovoltaic/thermal systems, Solar Energy, 70 (2001) 443–448.
  45. International Labor Office, Introduction to Work Study, International Labor Organization, Geneva, 1979.