1. C.N. Rani, S. Karthikeyan, Endocrine disrupting compounds in water and wastewater and their treatment options - a review, Int. J. Environ. Technol. Manage., 19(5/6) (2016) 392–431.
  2. IARC, International Agency for Research on Cancer. Monographs on the evaluation of carcinogenic risk of chemicals to humans. Overall evaluation of carcinogenity: An updating of IAPC monographs, Int. Agency for res. on cancer-France, 1–42 (1987) Suppl. 7.
  3. Y. Jian, L. Wan, P.F. Peter and H.T. Yu, Photomutagenicity of 16 polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons from the US EPA priority pollutant list, Mutat. Res., 557 (2004) 99–108.
  4. H.I. Abdel-Shafy and M.S.M. Mansour, A review on polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons: Source, environmental impact, effect on human health and remediation, Egt. J. Petroleum, 25 (1) (2016) 107–123.
  5. K. Kozak, M. Ruman, K.Kosek, G. Karasi, L. Stanchnik and Z. Polkowska, Impact of volcanic eruptions on the occurrence of PAHs compounds in the aquatic ecosystem of the southern part of West Spitsbergen (Hornsund Fjord, Svabard), Water, 9 (42) (2017) 1–21.
  6. N. Vela, M. Martinez-Menchon, G. Navarro, G. Parez-Lucas and S. Navarro, Removal of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) from ground water by heterogeneous photocatalysis under natural sunlight, J. Photochem. Photobiol. A: Chem., 232 (2012) 32–40.
  7. E. Lipiatou, J. Tolosa, R. Simo, I. BouloubDachs, S. Marti, M.A. Sicre, J.M. Bayona, J.O. Grimalt, A. Saliot and J.J. Albaiges, Mass budget and dynamics of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in the Mediterranean Sea, Top. Stud. Oceanogr., 44 (1997) (881–905).
  8. U. Zoller, Groundwater contamination by detergents and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons - a global problem of organic contaminants: is the solution locally specific, Water Sci. Technol., 27 (1993) 187–194.
  9. K. Kveseth, B. Sortland and T. Bokn, Aromatic hydrocarbons in sewage mussels and tap water, Chemosphere, 11 (1982) 623–639.
  10. V.S. Gowri, R. Ramesh, P. Nammalwar, N. Satheesh, J. Rajkumar, Kakolee Banerjee andSeshaBamini, GIS approach in assessing the status of neritic water quality and petroleum hydrocarbons in Bay of Bengal (From Chennai to Nagapattinum, Tamil Nadu), India, Int. J. Geomatics Geosci., 3 (1) (2012) 248–257.
  11. K. Brindha and L. Elango, PAHs contamination in groundwater from a part of metropolitan city, India: a study based on sampling over a 10-year period, Environ Earth Sci., 7 (12) (2014) (5113–5120).
  12. S. Malakar, P. DasSaha, Estimation of VOC emission in petroleum refinery ETP and comparative analysis with measured VOC emission rate, Int. J. Eng. Sci., 4(10) (2015) 20–29.
  13. H.F. Lin, K.T. Valsaraj, A titania thin film annular photocatalytic reactor for the degradation of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in dilute water streams, J. Hazard. Mater., 99 (2003) 203–219.
  14. S. Wen, J.C. Zhao, G.Y. Sheng, J.M. Fu, P.A. Peng, Photocatalytic reactions of phenanthrene at TiO2/water interfaces, Chemosphere, 46 (2002) 871–877.
  15. B. Liu, B. Chen, B.Y. Zhang, L. Jing, Photocatalytic degradation of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in offshore produced water: Effects of water matrix, J. Environ. Eng., 142(11) (2016) 04016054 (1–7).
  16. S. Sanches, C. Leitao, A. Penetra, V.V. Cardoso, E. Ferreira, M.T. Benoliel, B. Crespo, V.J. Pereira, Direct photolysis of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in drinking water sources, J. Hazard. Mater., 192(3) (2011) 1458–1465.
  17. S.A. Snyder, S. Adham, A.M. Redding, F.S. Cannon, J. DeCarolis, J. Oppenheimer, E.C. Wert, Y. Yoon, Role of membranes and activated carbon in the removal of endocrine disruptors and pharmaceuticals, Desalination, 202 (2007) 156–181.
  18. C.P. Huang, C. Dong, Z. Tang, Advanced chemical oxidation: Its present role and potential future in hazardous waste treatment, Waste Manage., 13 (1993) 361–377.
  19. M.Y. Ghaly, T.S. Jamila, I.E. El-Seesy, E.R. Souaya, R.A. Nasr, Treatment of highly polluted paper mill wastewater by solar photocatalytic oxidation with synthesized nanoTiO2, Chem. Eng. J., 168(1) (2011) 446–454.
  20. L.M. Ahmed, I. Ivanova, F.H. Hussein, D.W. Bahnemann, Role of platinum deposited on TiO2 in photocatalytic methanol oxidation and dehydration reactions, Int. J. Photoenergy, Article ID 503516 (2014) 1–9.
  21. M.A. Callahan, M.W. Slimak, N.W. Gabelc, I.P. May, C.F. Fowler, J.R. Freed, P. Jennings, R.L. Durfee, F.C Whitemore, B. Maestri, W.R. Mabey, B.R. Holt, C. Gloud, Water related environmental fate of 129 priority pollutants, Report no. EPA-440/4-79-029 (Washington, DC: US Environmental Protection Agency, 1979).
  22. S. Mozia, Photocatalytic membrane reactors (PMRs) in water and wastewater treatment, Sep. Purif. Technol., 73 (2010) 71–91.
  23. V. Augugliaro, M. Litter, L. Palmisano, J. Soria, The combination of heterogeneous photocatalysis with chemical and physical operations: A tool for improving the photoprocess performance, J. Photochem. Photobiol. C., 7 (2006) 127–144.
  24. V.C. Sarasidis, K.V. Plakas, S.I. Patsios, A.J. Karabelas, Investigation of diclofenac degradation in a continuous photocatalytic membrane reactor. Influence of operating parameters, Chem. Eng. J., 239 (2014) 299–311.
  25. R.A. Damodar, S.-J. You, S.H. Qu, Coupling of membrane separation with photocatalytic slurry reactor for advanced dye wastewater treatment, Sep. Purif. Technol., 76(1) (2010) 64–71.
  26. R.L. Fernandez, J.A. McDonald, S.J. Khan, P. Le-Clech, Removal of pharmaceuticals and endocrine disrupting chemicals by a submerged membrane photocatalysis reactor (MPR), Sep. Purif. Technol., 127 (2014) 131–139.
  27. A. Rahimpour, S.S. Madaeni, A.H. Taheri, Y. Mansourpanah, Coupling TiO2 nanoparticles with UV irradiation for modification of polyether sulfone ultrafiltration membranes, J. Membr. Sci., 313 (2008) 158–169.
  28. D. Qu, Z. Qiang, S. Xiao, Q. Liu, Y. Lei, T. Zhou, Degradation of reactive black 5 in a submerged photocatalytic reactor with microwave electrodeless lamps as light source, Sep. Purif. Technol., 122 (2014) 54–59.
  29. R.A. Damodar, S.J. You, Performance of an integrated membrane photocatalytic reactor for the removal of Reactive Black 5, Sep. Purif. Technol., 71 (2010) 44–49.
  30. H. Jiang, G. Zhang, T. Huang, J. Chen, Q. Wang, Q. Meng, Photocatalytic membrane reactor for degradation of acid red B wastewater, Chem. Eng. J., 156 (2010) 571–577.
  31. C.N. Rani, S. Karthikeyan, Performance of an indigenous integrated slurry photocatalytic membrane reactor (PMR) on the removal of aqueous phenanthrene (PHE), Water Sci. Technol., 77(11) (2018) 2642–2656.
  32. S.S. Chin, T.M. Lim, K. Chiang, A.G. Fane, Factors affecting the performance of a low pressure submerged membrane photocatalytic reactor, Chem. Eng. J., 130 (2007a) 53–63.
  33. H. Zhu, D. Chen, D. Dong, Photolysis of phenanthrene on soil surfaces under UV-irradiation, Asian. J. Chem., 27(1) (2015) 101–105.
  34. P. Xu, J.E. Drewes, T.U. Kim, C. Bellona, G. Amy, Effect of membrane fouling on transport of organic contaminants in NF/RO membrane applications, J. Membr. Sci., 279 (2006) 165–175.
  35. S. Hajibabania, A. Verliefde, J.A. McDonald, S.J. Khan, P. Le-Clech, Fate of trace organic compounds during treatment by nanofiltration, J. Membr. Sci., 373 (2011) 130–139.
  36. K. Luks-Betlej, M. Dudziak, Membrane techniques in water treatment processes: Removal of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons and phthalates using nanofiltration, Ecohydrol. Hydrobiol., 5 (2005) 93–99.
  37. M. Smol, Wlodarczyk-Makula, Effectiveness in the removal of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons from industrial wastewater by ultrafiltration technique, Arch. Environ. Protection, 38(4) (2012) 49–58.
  38. C. Gong, H. Huang, Y. Qian, Z. Zhang, H. Wu, Integrated electrocoagulation and membrane filtration for PAH removal from realistic industrial wastewater: effectiveness and mechanisms, RSC Adv., 7 (2017) 52366–52374.
  39. O.R.S. da Rocha, R.F. Dantas, M.M.M.B. Duarte, M.M.L. Duarte, V.L. da Silva, Oil sludge treatment by photocatalysis applying black and white light, Chem. Eng. J., 157(1) (2010) 80–85.
  40. O.T. Woo, W.K. Chung, K.H. Wong, A.T. Chow, P.K. Wong, Photocatalytic oxidation of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons: Intermediates identification and toxicity testing, J. Hazard. Mater., 168 (2009) 1192–1199.
  41. M.J. Garcia-Martinez, L. Canoira, G. Blazquez, I. Da Riva, R. Alcantara, J.F. Llamas, Continuous photodegradation of naphthalene in water catalysed by TiO2 supported on glass Raschig rings, Chem. Eng. J., 110 (2005) 123–128.
  42. H.K. Shon, S. Vigneswaran, H.H. Ngo, J.H. Kim, Chemical coupling of photocatalysis with flocculation and adsorption in the removal of organic matter, Water Res., 39 (2005) 2549–2558.
  43. D.P. Ho, S. Vigneswaran, H.H. Ngo, Photocatalysis-membrane hybrid system for organic removal from biologically treated sewage effluent, Sep. Purif. Technol., 68 (2009) 145–152.
  44. B. Neppolian, H.C. Choi, S. Sakthivel, B. Arabindoo, V. Murugesan, Solar/UV-induced photocatalytic degradation of three commercial textile dyes, J. Hazard. Mater., 89 (2–3) (2002) 303–317.
  45. K. Sopajaree, S.A. Qasim, S. Basak, K. Rajeshwar, An integrated flow reactor-membrane filtration system for heterogeneous photocatalysis. Part II: Experiments on the ultrafiltration unit and combined operation, J. Appl. Electrochem., 29(9) (1999) 1111–1118.
  46. S. Mozia, A.W. Morawski, Hybridization of photocatalysis and membrane distillation for purification of wastewater, Catalysis Today, 118 (1–2) (2006) 181–188.
  47. R. Wang, D. Ren, S. Xia, Y. Zhang, J. Zhao, Photocatalytic degradation of Bisphenol A (BPA) using immobilized TiO2 and UV illumination in a horizontal circulating bed photocatalytic reactor (HCBPR), J. Hazard. Mater., 169 (2009) 926–932.
  48. M.N. Chong, B. Jin, C.W.K. Chow, C. Saint, Recent developments in photocatalytic water treatment technology: A review, Water Res., 44(10) (2010) 2997–3027.
  49. K. Chiang, T.M. Lim, L. Tsen, C.C. Lee, Photocatalytic degradation and mineralization of bisphenol A by TiO2 and platinized TiO2, Appl. Catal., A, 261 (2004) 225–237.
  50. S.S. Chin, T.M. Lim, K. Chiang, A.G. Fane, Hybrid low-pressure submerged membrane photoreactor for the removal of bisphenol A, Desalination, 202 (2007b) 253–261.
  51. S.I. Patsios, V.C. Sarasidis, A.J, Karabelas, A hybrid photocatalysis-ultrafiltration continuous process for humic acids degradation, Sep. Sci. Technol., 104 (2013) 333–341.
  52. W. Bahmemann, M. Muneer, M.M. Haque, Titanium dioxide-mediated photocatalysed degradation of few selected organic pollutants in aqueous suspensions, Catal. Today, 124 (2007) 133–148.
  53. I.K. Konstantinou, T.A. Albanis, TiO2-assisted photocatalytic degradation of azo dyes in aqueous solution: kinetic and mechanistic investigations: a review, Appl. Catal., B, 49 (2004) 1–14.
  54. M. Saquib, M. Muneer, Photocatalytic degradation of CI Acid Green 25 CI Acid Red 88 in aqueous suspensions of titanium dioxide, Color. Technol., 118 (2002) 307–315.
  55. R.J. Davis, J.L. Gainner, G.O. Neal, I. Wenwu, Photocatalytic decolourization of wastewater dyes, Water Environ. Res., 66 (1994) 50–53.
  56. L. Zhang, C.Y. Liu, X.M. Ren, Photochemistry of semiconductor particles. Part 4- Effects of surface condition on the photodegradation of 2, 4-dichlorophenol catalysed by TiO2 suspensions, J. Photochem. Photobiol. A, 85 (1995) 239–245.
  57. S. Laohaprapanon, J. Matahum, L. Tayo, S-J. You, Photodegradation of Reactive Black 5 in a ZnO/UV slurry membrane reactor, J. Taiwan Inst. Chem. Eng., 49 (2015) 136–141.
  58. N. Sobana, M, Swaminathan, Three effects of operational parameters on the photocatalytic degradation of acid red 18 by ZnO, Sep. Purif. Technol., 56 (2007) 101–107.
  59. M. Antonopoulou, V. Papadopoulos, I. Konstantinou, Photocatalytic oxidation of treated municipal wastewaters for the removal of phenolic compounds: optimization and modelling using response surface methodology (RSM) and artificial neural networks (ANNs), J. Chem. Technol. Biotechnol., 87(10) (2012) 1385–1395.
  60. C.N. Rani, S. Karthikeyan, Photocatalytic degradation of aqueous phenanthrene in a slurry photocatalytic reactor: optimization and modelling, Curr. Sci., 115(9) (2018) 1732–1740.
  61. M. Fathinia, A.R. Khataee, M. Zarei, S. Aber, Comparative photocatalytic degradation of two dyes on immobilized TiO2 nanoparticles: Effect of dye molecular structure and response surface approach, J. Mol. Catal., A 333(1–2) (2010) 73–84.
  62. N. Stamatis, M. Antonoupoulo, D. Hela, I. Konstantinou, Photocatalytic degradation kinetics and mechanisms of antibacterial triclosan in aqueous TiO2 suspensions under simulated solar irradiation, J. Chem. Technol. Biotechnol., 89(8) (2014) 1145–1154.