1. W.R. Ismail, Z.A. Rahaman, The impact of quarrying activity on suspended sediment concentration and sediment load of Sungai Relau, Pulau Pinang, Malaysia, Malaysian J. Trop. Geogr., 25 (2015) 45–57.
  2. Dictionary of Environmental Science, Oxford University Press, Oxford, 2003.
  3. M. Jaafar, Pembangunan Tebing Sungai Kuantan dan Implikasinya Pada Persekitaran. Dlm. Katiman Rostam, Mokhtar Jaafar, Noorazuan Md. Hashim (pnyt). Dinamik Sosial Pembangunan & Persekitaran di Malaysia, Bangi: PPSPP, FSSK, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, 2008.
  4. M.B. Gasim, M.E. Toriman, M. Idris, P.I. Lun, M.K.A. Kamarudin, A.N. Azlina, S.A. Mastura, River flow conditions and dynamic state analysis of Pahang River, Am. J. Appl. Sci., 10 (2013) 4257.
  5. M.K.A. Kamarudin, K.A. Gidado, M.E. Toriman, H. Juahir, R. Umar, N.A. Wahab, S. Ibrahim, S. Awang, K.N.A. Maulud, Classification of land use/land cover changes using GIS and remote sensing technique in Lake Kenyir Basin, Terengganu, Malaysia, Int. J. Eng. Technol., 7 (2018) 12–15.
  6. M.H.A. Ghurah, M.K.A. Kamarudin, N.A. Wahab, H. Juahir, M.B. Gasim, F. Lananan, K.N.A. Maulud, M.H. Rosli, A.S.M. Saudi, Z.I. Rizman, M.S.M. Zin, Assessment of urban growth and sprawl using GIS and remote sensing technique in South Ghor Region, Al-Karak, Jordan, Int. J. Eng. Technol., 7 (2018) 5–11.
  7. N.A. Wahab, M.K.A. Kamarudin, M.B. Gasim, R. Umar, F.M. Ata, N.H. Sulaiman, Assessment of total suspended sediment and bed sediment grains in upstream areas of Lata Berangin, Terengganu, Int. J. Adv. Sci. Eng. Inf. Technol., 6 (2016) 757–763.
  8. M.K.A. Kamarudin, M.E. Toriman, N.A. Wahab, H. Juahir, A. Endut, R. Umar, M.B. Gasim, Development of stream classification system on tropical areas with statistical approval in Pahang River Basin, Malaysia, Desal. Wat. Treat., 96 (2017) 237–254.
  9. N.A. Wahab, M.K.A. Kamarudin, A. Anuar, F.M. Ata, N.H. Sulaiman, N.B. Baharim, N.S. Harun, N.A. Muhammad, Assessments of lake profiling on temperature, total suspended solid (TSS) and turbidity in the Kenyir Lake, Terengganu, Malaysia, J. Fundam. Appl. Sci., 9 (2017) 256–278.
  10. I.M. Saujul, N.I. Ramli, M.E. Toriman, M.K.A. Kamarudin, H. Juahir, M.B. Gasim, Spatial variation characteristics of selected soils in the Tasik Chini watershed, Pahang, Malaysia, Int. J. Eng. Technol., 7 (2018) 360–365.
  11. N.S. Hairoma, M.B. Gasim, M.E. Toriman, H. Juahir, A. Azid, M.H.A. Karim, M.K.A. Kamarudin, M. Mokhtar, R. Elfitri, Temporal variation of coastal groundwater quality in east coast of Terengganu, Malaysia, Int. J. Eng. Technol., 7 (2018) 356–359.
  12. M.E. Toriman, H. Che Lah, Ciri Hidrologi dan Hakisan Tebing Sungai di Sungai Lendu, Alor Gajah, Melaka, J. e-Bangi, 2 (2007) 1–19.
  13. M.K.A. Kamarudin, M.E. Toriman, M.H. Rosli, H. Juahir, N.A.A. Aziz, A. Azid, W.N.A. Sulaiman, Analysis of meander evolution studies on effect from land use and climate change at the upstream reach of the Pahang River, Malaysia, Mitigation Adapt. Strategies Global Change, 20 (2015) 1319–1334.
  14. M. Gharibreza, J.K. Raj, I. Yusoff, Z. Othman, W.Z.W.M. Tahir, M.A. Ashraf, Land use changes and soil redistribution estimation using 137Cs in the tropical Bera Lake Catchment, Malaysia, Soil Tillage Res., 31 (2013) 1–10.
  15. M.E. Toriman, M.K.A. Kamarudin, M.H. Idris, M.B. Gasim, N.R. Jamil, Masalah Sedimentasi dan Penyelesaiannya Melalui Kaedah Pengurusan Persekitaran: Satu Kajian Kes di Sungai Chini, Pahang, e-bangi: Jurnal Sains Sosial dan Kemanusiaan, 3 (2008) 14.
  16. M.E. Toriman, M.K.A. Kamarudin, M. Idris, N.R. Jamil, M.B. Gasim, N.A.A. Aziz, Sediment concentration and load analyses at Chini River, Pekan, Pahang Malaysia, Res. J. Earth Sci., 1 (2009) 43–50.
  17. A.A. Ghani, N.A. Zakaria, R. Abdullah, C.K. Chang, S.K. Sinnakaudan, L.M. Sidek, River Sediment Data Collection and Analysis Study, Contract Research No. JPS (PP)/SG/2/2000, 2003.
  18. S.A.A. Rashid, M.B. Gasim, M.E. Toriman, H. Juahir, M.K.A. Kamarudin, A. Azid, N.A.A. Aziz, Water quality deterioration of Jinjang River, Kuala Lumpur: Urban risk case water pollution, Arab World Geogr., 16 (2013) 349–362.
  19. M.E. Toriman, Hydrometeorological conditions and sediment yield in the upstream reach of Sungai Bebar, Pekan Forest Reserve, Pahang, PSF Tech. Ser., 4 (2005) 41–46.
  20. R.J. Wenning, M. Sorensen, V.S. Magar, Importance of implementation and residual risk analyses in sediment remediation, Integr. Environ. Assess. Manage., 2 (2006) 59–65.
  21. D. Badgie, M.A.A. Samah, L.A. Manaf, A.B. Muda, Assessment of municipal solid waste composition in Malaysia: management, practice, and challenges, J. Environ. Stud., 21 (2012) 539–547.
  22. F.M. Ata, M.K.A. Kamarudin, M.E. Toriman, M.S.M. Zin, N.H. Sulaiman, N.A. Wahab, J.M. Saad, Sediment classification using envirometric technique: a study case in Pahang River, Malaysia, Malaysian J. Anal. Sci., 20 (2017) 1171–1180.
  23. Y. Serengil, F. Gökbulak, S. Özhan, A. Hızal, K. Şengönül, A.N. Balcı, N. Özyuvacı, Hydrological impacts of a slight thinning treatment in a deciduous forest ecosystem in Turkey, J. Hydrol., 333 (2007) 569–577.
  24. M. Chang, J.D. Mccullough, A.B. Granillo, Effects of land use and topography on some water quality variables in forested east Texas 1, J. Am. Water Resour. Assoc., 19 (1983) 191–196.
  25. M.D. Rose, P. Novick, J.H. Thomas, D. Botstein, G.R. Fink, A Saccharomyces cerevisiae genomic plasmid bank based on a centromere-containing shuttle vector, Gene, 60 (1987) 237–243.
  26. R. Jindal, C. Sharma, Studies on water quality of Sutlej River around Ludhiana with reference to physicochemical parameters, Environ. Monit. Assess., 174 (2011) 417–425.
  27. E. Sánchez, M.F. Colmenarejo, J. Vicente, A. Rubio, M.G. García, L. Travieso, R. Borja, Use of the water quality index and dissolved oxygen deficit as simple indicators of watersheds pollution, Ecol. Indic., 7 (2007) 315–328.
  28. S. Suratman, M. Awang, A.L. Loh, N.M. Tahir, Water quality index study in Paka River basin, Terengganu (in Malay), Sains Malaysiana., 38 (2009) 125–131.
  29. N.A. Wahab, M.K.A. Kamarudin, M.E. Toriman, F.M. Ata, H. Juahir, A. Ghazali, A. Anuar, The evaluation of dissolved oxygen (DO), total suspended solid (TSS) and suspended sediment concentration (SSC) in Terengganu River, Malaysia, Int. J. Eng. Technol., 7 (2018) 44–48.
  30. N.A. Kamarudin, M.K.A. Kamarudin, R. Umar, A.R. Hassan, F. Lananan, S. Sunardi, Determination of filtration and purification system for flood water filter, Int. J. Eng. Technol., 7 (2018) 8–12.
  31. N. Sianturi, M.K.A. Kamarudin, M.E. Toriman, N.A. Wahab, S. Hakparn, K. Lertbunchardwong, T. Potikengrith, M.S. Islam, H. Harith, Assessment of environmental management in Lake Toba, Samosir Regency, North Sumatera Province, Indonesia, Int. J. Eng. Technol., 7 (2018) 337–343.
  32. M.E. Toriman, M.B. Mokhtar, O. Karim, M.B. Gasim, R. Taha, Shortterm sediment yields from small catchment of Sungai Anak Bangi Selangor, Bull. Geol. Soc. Malaysia, 55 (2009) 55–59.
  33. F.M. Ata, M.K.A. Kamarudin, N. Yaakub, N.A. Wahab, M.E. Toriman, H. Juahir, M.B. Gasim, Sunardi, A.A.A. Halim, M.N.A.A. Raoff, M.N. Haris, Impact of hydrological study to water quality status in Kuantan River, Pahang, Malaysia, Int. J. Eng. Technol., 7 (2018) 35–43.
  34. M.A. Ghurah, M.K.A. Kamarudin, N.A. Wahab, R. Umar, N.N. Wan, H. Juahir, S. Sunardi, Temporal change detection of land use/land cover using GIS and remote sensing techniques in South Ghor Regions, Al-Karak, Jordan, J. Fundam. Appl. Sci., 10 (2018) 95–111.
  35. H. Juahir, M.B. Gasim, M.K.A. Kamarudin, A. Azid, N.S. Hairoma, M.H.M. Saad, M. Mokhtar, Assessment by multivariate analysis of groundwater between low and high tides interactions in east coast of Terengganu, Int. J. Eng. Technol., 7 (2018) 80–84.
  36. R.Z.R.Z. Abidin, E.P. Unit, Water resources management in Malaysia: The way forward, Bull. Ing., 22 (2004) 8–10.
  37. R. Elfithri, M.E. Toriman, M. Mokhtar, H. Juahir, Perspectives and initiatives on integrated river basin management in Malaysia: a review, Social Sci., 6 (2011) 169–176.
  38. M.E. Toriman, M. Mokhtar, M.B. Gasim, S.M.S. Abdullah, O. Jaafar, N.A.A. Aziz, Water resources study and modeling at North Kedah: a case of Kubang Pasu and Padang Terap water supply schemes, Res. J. Earth Sci., 1 (2009) 35–42.
  39. M.K.A. Kamarudin, M.E. Toriman, N.A. Wahab, H. Rosli, F.M. Ata, M.N.M. Faudzi, Sedimentation study on upstream reach of selected rivers in Pahang River Basin, Malaysia, Int. J. Adv. Sci. Eng. Inf. Technol., 7 (2017) 35–41.
  40. M.K.A. Kamarudin, M.E. Toriman, M. Idris, H. Juahir, A. Azid, M.B. Gasim, R. Umar, A. Endut, M. Mokhtar, S. Khalit, A. Ismail, N.H.M. Yaakob, M.A. Rwoo, Environmental management on natural lake using sediment and hydrology hydraulic models, Malaysian, J. Appl. Sci., 1 (2016) 9–26.
  41. F.M. Kusin, S.N. Muhammad, M.S.M. Zahar, Z. Madzin, Integrated river basin management incorporating on water quality status, Desal. Wat. Treat, 57 (2016) 29126–29136.
  42. A.M. Nalado, M.K.A. Kamarudin, N.A. Wahab, M.H. Rosli, A.S.M. Saudi, Assessment of individual water quality index parameter in Terengganu River, Malaysia, J. Fundam. Appl. Sci., 9 (2017) 430–442.
  43. M.B. Mokhtar, M.E.H. Toriman, M. Hossain, A. Abraham, K.W. Tan, Institutional challenges for integrated river basin management in Langat River Basin, Malaysia, Water Environ. J., 25 (2011) 495–503.
  44. K. Abdullah, The Need for IRBM in Malaysia, Kedah Water Resources Unit, Department of Irrigation and Drainage, State of Kedah Darul Aman, Malaysia, Retrieved February, 27, 2009.
  45. M.E. Toriman, F.M. Ata, M.K.A. Kamarudin, M. Idris, Bed-load sediment profile and effect of river bank erosion on river crosssection, Am. J. Environ. Sci., 9 (2013) 292–300.
  46. K.H. Low, I.B. Koki, H. Juahir, A. Azid, S. Behkami, R. Ikram, H.A. Mohammed, S. Md Zain, Evaluation of water quality variation in lakes, rivers, and ex-mining ponds in Malaysia (review), Desal. Wat. Treat, 57 (2016) 28215–28239.
  47. N.A. Wahab, M.K.A. Kamarudin, M.E. Toriman, H. Juahir, M.B. Gasim, Z.I. Rizman, P.P. Damayanti, Climate changes impacts towards sedimentation rate at Terengganu River, Terengganu, Malaysia, J. Fundam. Appl. Sci., 10 (2018) 33–51.
  48. W.N.A.W.F. Zaidee, A.S.M. Saudi, M.K.A. Kamarudin, M.E. Toriman, H. Juahir, I.F. Abu, N.M.N.Z. Shafii, K. Nizam, R. Elfithri, Flood risk pattern recognition using chemometric techniques approach in Golok River, Kelantan, Int. J. Eng. Technol., 7 (2018) 75–79.
  49. M.K.A. Kamarudin, N.A. Wahab, A.F. Mamat, H. Juahir, M.E. Toriman, N.F.N. Wan, F.M. Ata, A. Ghazali, A. Anuar, M.H.M. Saad, Evaluation of annual sediment load production in Kenyir Lake Reservoir, Malaysia, Int. J. Eng. Technol., 7 (2018) 55–60.
  50. M.B. Gasim, H. Juahir, A. Azid, M.K.A. Kamarudin, A.R. Hassan, N.S. Hairoma, S. Supian, Potential of sea level rise impact on South China Sea: a preliminary study in Terengganu, Malaysia, J. Fundam. Appl. Sci., 10 (2018) 156–168.
  51. M.K.A. Kamarudin, N.A. Wahab, H. Juahir, N.F.N. Wan, M.B. Gasim, M.E. Toriman, F.M. Ata, A. Ghazali, A. Anuar, H. Abdullah, N.I. Hussain, S.H. Azmee, M.H.M. Saad, M. Saupi, S. Islam, R. Elfithri, The potential impacts of anthropogenic and climate changes factors on surface water ecosystem deterioration at Kenyir Lake, Malaysia, Int. J. Eng. Technol., 7 (2018) 67–74.
  52. DOE, Malaysia Environmental Quality Report 2008, Department of Environment, Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur, 2008, p. 86.
  53. H. Juahir, Water Quality Data Analysis and Modeling of the Langat River Basin, (Unpublished doctoral dissertation), University of Malaya, 2009.
  54. H. Juahir, S.M. Zain, M.K. Yusoff, T.T. Hanidza, A.M. Armi, M.E. Toriman, M. Mokhtar, Spatial water quality assessment of Langat River Basin (Malaysia) using environmetric techniques, Environ. Monit. Assess., 173 (2011) 625.
  55. B. Bian, G.F. Hua, L. Li, H.S. Wu, Elimination of agricultural nonpoint source pollution using a pre-dam in the Taihu Lake basin: perspective from a laboratory study, Desal. Wat. Treat., 52 (2014) 7450–7459.
  56. H.H. Soni, J.G. Parmar, S. Bhokarkar, K. Gopal Krishnan, K.C. Tiwari, B.V. Kamath, P.P. Sudhakar, Water quality assessment of groundwater in area along Nandesari effluent channel, India, Desal. Wat. Treat, 52 (2014) 7552–7564.
  57. M.H. Phua, M. Minowa, A GIS-based multi-criteria decision making approach to forest conservation planning at a landscape scale: a case study in the Kinabalu Area, Sabah, Malaysia, Landscape Urban Plann., 71 (2005) 207–222.
  58. X. Wang, S. Yang, C.M. Mannaerts, Y. Gao, J. Guo, Spatially explicit estimation of soil denitrification rates and land use effects in the riparian buffer zone of the large Guanting reservoir, Geoderma, 150 (2009) 240–252.
  59. B. Pradhan, E.A. Sezer, C. Gokceoglu, M.F. Buchroithner, Landslide susceptibility mapping by neuro-fuzzy approach in a landslide-prone area (Cameron Highlands, Malaysia), IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sensing, 48 (2010) 4164–4177.
  60. Akta Perairan (Waters Act 1920), Garis Panduan Konsep Pembangunan Berhadapan Sungai Jabatan Pengairan dan Saliran Malaysia (JPS).
  61. M.K.A. Kamarudin, M.E. Toriman, S.M.S. Abdullah, M. Idris, N.R. Jamil, M.B. Gasim, Temporal variability on lowland river sediment properties and yield, Am. J. Environ. Sci., 5 (2009) 657–663.
  62. M.K.A. Kamarudin, N.A. Wahab, M.E. Toriman, F.M. Ata, R. Umar, N. Yaakub, H. Abdullah, A. Anuar, A.R. Hassan, A.S.M. Saudi, H. Harith, N.S. Hairoma, Classification of sedimentation problems level using environmetric method at Terengganu River, Malaysia, Int. J. Eng. Technol., 7 (2018) 327–332.
  63. Z. Sharip, A.T. Zaki, M. Shapai, S. Suratman, A.J. Shaaban, Lakes of Malaysia: water quality, eutrophication and management, Lakes Reserv. Res. Manage., 19 (2014) 130–141.
  64. M.M. Hanafiah, M.K.M. Yussof, M. Hasan, M.J. AbdulHasan, M.E. Toriman, Water quality assessment of Tekala River, Selangor, Malaysia. Appl. Ecol. Environ. Res., 16 (2018) 5157–5174.
  65. S.N. Harun, M.M. Hanafiah, Estimating the country-level water consumption footprint of selected crop production, Appl. Ecol. Environ. Res., 16 (2018) 5381–5403.