1. M. Mulder, Basic Principles of Membrane Technology, Kluwer Academic Publishers, London, 1996.
  2. A. Rahimpour, S.S. Madaeni, Polyethersulfone (PES)/cellulose acetate phthalate (CAP) blend ultra ltration membranes: Preparation, morphology, performance and antifouling properties, J. Membr. Sci., 305 (2007) 299–312.
  3. P.C. Sheng, Hydrophilic modification of poly (ethersulfone) ultrafiltration membrane surface by self-assembly of TiO2 nanoparticles, Appl. Surf. Sci., 249 (2005) 76–84.
  4. Y. Yanan, W. Peng, Preparation and characterizations of new PS/TiO hybrid membranes by sol–gel process, Polymer, 47 (2006) 2683–2688.
  5. Z.S. Wang, T. Sasaki, M. Muramatsu, Y. Ebina, T. Tanake, L. Wang, M. Watanabe, Self-assembled multilayers of titania nanoparticles and nanosheets with polyelectrolytes, Chem. Mater., 15 (2003) 807–812.
  6. R. Molinari, M. Mungari, E. Drioli, A.D. Paola, V. Loddo, L. Palmisano, M. Schiavello, Study on a photocatalytic membrane reactor for water purification, Catal. Today, 55 (2000) 71–78.
  7. R. Molinari, C. Grande, E. Drioli, L. Palmisano, M. Schiavello, Photocatalytic membrane reactors for degradation of organic pollutants in water, Catal. Today, 67 (2001) 273–279.
  8. R. Molinari, L. Palmisano, E. Drioli, M. Schiavello, Studies on various reactors configurations for coupling photocatalysis and membrane process in water purification, J. Membr. Sci., 206 (2002) 399–415.
  9. A. Bottino, G. Capannelli, V. D’Asti, Preparation and properties of novel organic–inorganic porous membranes, Sep. Purif. Technol., 22 (2001) 269–275.
  10. A. Bottino, G. Capannelli, A. Comite, Preparation and characterization of novel porous PVDF–ZrO composite membranes, Desalination, 146 (2002) 35–40.
  11. L. Yan, Y.S. Li, C.B. Xiang, S. Xianda, Effect of nano-sized Al2O3-particle addition on PVDF ultrafiltration membrane performance, J. Membr. Sci., 276 (2006) 162–167.
  12. D.J. Lin, C.L. Chang, F.M. Huang, L.P. Cheng, Effect of salt additive on the formation of microporous poly(vinylidene fluoride) membranes by phase inversion from LiClO/water/DMF/PVDF system, Polymer, 44 (2003) 413–422.
  13. N.M. Ismail, A.F. Ismail, A. Mustafaa, Sustainability in petrochemical industry: mixed matrix membranes from polyethersulfone/cloisite15A for the removal of carbon dioxide, Procedia CIRP, 26 (2015) 461–466.
  14. S. He, H. Jia, Y. Lin, H. Qian, J. Lin, Effect of clay modification on the structure and properties of sulfonated poly(ether ether ketone)/clay nanocomposites, Poly. Compos., 37 (2016) 2632–2638.
  15. A.K. Zulhairun, A.F. Ismail, T. Matsuura, M.S. Abdullah, A. Mustafa, Asymmetric mixed matrix membrane incorporating organically modified clay particle for gas separation, Chem. Eng. J., 241 (2014) 495−503.
  16. R. Saranya, G. Arthanareeswaran, S. Sakthivelu, P. Manohar, Preparation and performance evaluation of nanokaolinite-particle-based polyacrylonitrile mixed-matrix membranes, Ind. Eng. Chem. Res., 51 (2012) 4942–4951.
  17. O. Monticelli, A. Bottino, I. Scandale, G. Capannelli, S. Russo, Preparation and properties of polysulfone-clay composite membranes, J. Appl. Polym. Sci., 103 (2007) 3637–3644.
  18. F. Bergaya, C. Detellier, J.F. Lambert, G. Lagaly, Introduction to clay polymer nanocomposites (CPN) Chapter 13, in: Lagaly, Bergaya (Eds.), Handbook of Clay Science, Developments in Clay Science. 2013, vol. 5A, Elsevier.
  19. P. Kilaris, C.D. Papaspyrides, Polymer/layered silicate (clay) nanocomposites: an overview of flame retardancy, Prog. Polym. Sci., 35 (2010) 902–958.
  20. G. Rytwo, Clay minerals as an ancient nanotechnology: historical uses of clay organic interactions, and future possible perspectives, Macla, 9 (2008) 15–17.
  21. E. Petala, M. Baikousi, M.A. Karakassides, G. Zoppellaro, J. Filip, J. Tuček, K.C. Vasilopoulos, J. Pechoušeka, R. Zbořil, Synthesis, physical properties and application of the zero-valent iron/titanium dioxide heterocomposite having high activity for the sustainable photocatalytic removal of hexavalent chromium in water, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 18 (2016) 10637–10646.
  22. Y. Georgiou, K. Dimos, K. Beltsios, M.A. Karakassides, Y. Deligiannakis, Hybrid [polysulfone–zero valent iron] membranes: Synthesis, characterization and application for AsIII remediation, Chem. Eng. J., 281 (2015) 651–660.
  23. C. Liu, R. Bai, Adsorptive removal of copper ions with highly porous chitosan/cellulose acetate blend hollow fiber membranes, J. Membr. Sci., 284 (2006) 313–322.
  24. H. Kaşgöz, A. Durmuş, A. Kaşgöz, Enhanced swelling and adsorption properties of AAm-AMPSNa/clay hydrogel nanocomposites for heavy metal ion removal, Poly. Advan. Tech., 19 (2008) 213–220.
  25. R.S. Hebbar, A.M. Isloor, A.F. Ismail, Preparation and evaluation of heavy metal rejection properties of polyetherimide/porous activated bentonite clay nanocomposite membrane, RSC Adv., 4 (2014) 47240–47248.
  26. E. Petala, K. Dimos, A. Douvalis, T. Bakas, J. Tucek, R. Zbořil, M.A. Karakassides, Nanoscale zero-valent iron supported on mesoporous silica: characterization and reactivity for Cr(VI) removal from aqueous solution, J. Hazard. Mater., 261 (2013) 295–306.
  27. X. Wenga, Z. Chen, Z. Chen, M. Megharaj, R. Naidu, Clay supported bimetallic Fe/Ni nanoparticles used for reductive degradation of amoxicillin in aqueous solution: Characterization and kinetics, Coll. Surf. A: Physi. Eng. Asp., 443 (2014) 404–409.
  28. F.S. Santos, F.R. Lago, L. Yokoyama, F.V. Fonseca, Synthesis and characterization of zero-valent iron nanoparticles supported on SBA-15, J. Materi. Res. Technol., 598 (2017) 178–183.
  29. B.J. Saikia, G. Parthasarathy, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopic characterization of kaolinite from Assam and Meghalaya, Northeastern India, J. Modern Phys., 1 (2010) 206–210.
  30. J.A. Gadsen, Infrared Spectra of Minerals and Related Inorganic compounds, Butterworths, London, 1975.
  31. Z.X. Chen, X.Y. Jin, Z.L. Chen, M. Megharaj, R. Naidu, Removal of methyl orange from aqueous solution using bentonite-supported nanoscale zero-valent iron, J. Colloid Interface Sci., 363 (2011) 601–607.
  32. K.A. Carrado, Synthetic organo- and polymer-clays: preparation, characterization, and materials applications, Appl. Clay Sci., 17 (2000) 1–23.
  33. T. Wu, A.G. Xie, S.Z. Tan, X. Cai, Antimicrobial effects of quaternary phosphonium salt intercalated clay minerals on Escherichia coli and Staphylococci aureus, Coll. Surf. B: Biointer., 86 (2011) 232–236.
  34. B. Deng, X. Yang, L. Xie, J. Li, Z. Hou, S. Yao, G. Liang, K. Sheng, Q. Huang, Microfiltration membranes with pH dependent property prepared from poly(methacrylic acid) grafted polyethersulfone powder, J. Membr. Sci., 330 (2009) 363–368.
  35. X. Wang, P. Liu, J. Ma, H. Liu, Preparation of novel composites based on hydrophilized and functionalized polyacrylonitrile membrane-immobilized NZVI for reductive transformation of metronidazole, Appl. Surf. Sci., 396 (2017) 841–850.
  36. J.S. Taurozzi, H. Arul, V.Z. Bosak, A.F. Burban, T.C. Voice, M.L. Bruening, V.V. Tarabara, Effect of filler incorporation route on the properties of polysulfone–silver nanocomposite membranes of different porosities, J. Membr. Sci., 325 (2008) 58–68.
  37. J.C. Mierzwa, V. Arieta, M. Verlage, J. Carvalho, C.D. Vecitis, Effect of clay nanoparticles on the structure and performance of polyethersulfone, Desalination, 314 (2013) 147–158.
  38. N. Bouazizi, D. Barrimo, S. Nousir, R. Ben Slama, T.C. Shiao, R. Roy, A. Azzouz, Metal-loaded polyol-montmorillonite with improved affinity towards hydrogen, J. Energy Instit., 91 (2018) 110–119.
  39. B. Díez, N. Roldánm, A. Martín, A. Sotto, P.J.A. Melón¸ J. Arsuaga, R. Rosala, Fouling and biofouling resistance of metal-doped mesostructured silica/polyethersulfone ultrafiltration membranes, J. Membr. Sci., 526 (2017) 252–263.
  40. P. Anadão, L.F. Sato, R.R. Montes, S. Hnrique, D. Santis, Polysulphone/montmorillonite nanocomposite membranes: Effect of clay addition and polysulphone molecular weight on the membrane properties, J. Membr. Sci., 45 (2014) 187–199.
  41. A. Okada, A. Usuki, The chemistry of polymer–clay hybrids, Mater. Sci. Eng. C., 3 (1995) 109–115.
  42. R. Mukherjee, P. Bhunia, S. De, Impact of graphene oxide on removal of heavy metals using mixed matrix membrane, Chem. Eng. J., 292 (2016) 284–297.
  43. K. Kalantari, M.B. Ahmad, H.R.F. Masoumi, K. Shameli, M. Basri, R. Khandanlou, Rapid and high capacity adsorption of heavy metals by Fe3O4 /montmorillonite nanocomposite using response surface methodology: Preparation, characterization, optimization, equilibrium isotherms, and adsorption kinetics study, J. Taiwan Instit. Chem. Eng., 49 (2015) 192–198.
  44. J. Gao, S.P. Sun, W.P. Zhu, T.S. Chung, Chelating polymer modified P84 nanofiltration (NF) hollow fiber membranes for high efficient heavy metal removal, Water Res., 63 (2014) 252–261.
  45. K. Kalantari, M. Ahmad, H. Masoumi, K. Shameli, M. Basri, R. Khandanlou, Rapid adsorption of heavy metals by Fe3O4/talc nanocomposite and optimization study using response surface methodology, Int. J. Mol. Sci., 15 (2014) 12913–12927.
  46. G. Arthanareeswaran, V.M. Starov, Effect of solvents on performace of polyethersulfone ultrafiltration membranes: investigation of metal ion separations, Desalination, 267 (2011) 57–63.