1. M. Schock, D. Lytle, Internal Corrosion and Deposition Control, in Water Quality & Treatment: A Handbook on Drinking Water, 6th ed., J.K. Edzwald, Ed., New York, McGraw- Hill, 2011, pp. 20.1–20.83.
  2. J. Crittenden, R. Trussel, D. Hand, K. Howe, G. Tchobanoglous, Internal Corrosion of Water Conduits, in MWH Water Treatment Principles and Design, 3rd ed., Hoboken, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2012, pp. 1699–1803.
  3. USEPA, “Lead and Copper Rule,” 15 March 2017. [Online]. Available at:
  4. USEPA, “Lead and Copper Rule: A Quick Reference Guide,” 15 June 2008. [Online]. Available at: ZyPDF.cgi?Dockey=60001N8P.txt.
  5. F. Yang, B. Shi, J. Gu, D. Wang, M. Yang, Morphological and physicochemical characteristics of iron corrosion scales formed under different water source histories in a drinking water distribution system, Water Res., 46 (2012) 5423–5433.
  6. Y. Xie, D.E. Giammar, Effects of flow and water chemistry on lead release rates from pipe scales, Water Res., 45 (2011) 6525–6534.
  7. H. Wang, C. Hu, X. Hu, M. Yang, J. Qu, Effects of disinfectant and biofilm on the corrosion of cast iron pipes in a reclaimed water distribution system, Water Res., 46 (2012) 1070–1078.
  8. G. Liu, Y. Zhang, W.-J. Knibbe, C. Feng, W. Liu, G. Medema, W. van der Meer, Potential impacts of changing supply-water quality on drinking water distribution: A review, Water Res., 116 (2017) 135–148.
  9. A. Broo, B. Berghult, T. Hedberg, Drinking water distribution - The effect of natural organic matter (NOM) on the corrosion of iron and copper, Water Sci. Technol., 40 (1999) 17–24.
  10. G. Korshin, J. Ferguson, A. Lancaster, Influence of natural organic matter on the corrosion of leaded brass in potable water, Corrosion Sci., 42 (2000) 53–66.
  11. M. LeChevallier, C. Lowry, R. Lee, G. Gibbon, Examining the relationship between iron corrosion and the disinfection of biofilm bacteria, J. AWWA, 85 (1993) 111–123.