1. K. Kummerer, Introduction, K. Kummerer, Ed., Pharmaceuticals in the Environment: Sources, Fate, Effects and Risks, Springer Publications, Berlin, 2001, pp. 1–8.
  2. J.P.R. Sorensen, D.J. Lapworth, D.C.W. Nkhuwa, M.E. Stuart, D.C. Gooddy, R.A. Bell, M. Chirwa, J. Kabika, M. Liemisa, M. Chibesa, S. Pedley, Emerging contaminants in urban groundwater sources in Africa, Water Res., 72 (2015) 51–63
  3. M. Petrovic, D. Barcelo, S. Perez, Analysis, Fate and Removal of Pharmaceuticals in the Water Cycle, Elsevier Publications, UK, Oxford, 2013.
  4. D.G.J. Larsson, C. de Pedro, N. Paxeus, Effluent from drug manufactures contains extremely high levels of pharmaceuticals, J. Hazard. Mater., 148 (2007) 751–755.
  5. M.N. Chong, B. Jin, Photocatalytic treatment of high concentration carbamazepine in synthetic hospital wastewater, J. Hazard. Mater., 199 (2012) 135–142.
  6. C. Gadipelly, A. Pérez-González, G.D. Yadav, I. Ortiz, R. Ibáñez, V.K. Rathod, K.V. Marathe, Pharmaceutical industry wastewater: review of the technologies for water treatment and reuse, Ind. Eng. Chem. Res., 53 (2014) 11571–11592.
  7. S.R. Hughes, P. Kay, L.E. Brown, Global synthesis and critical evaluation of pharmaceutical data sets collected from river systems, Environ. Sci. Technol., 47 (2013) 661–677.
  8. K.P. Singh, P. Rai, A.K. Singh, P. Verma, S. Gupta, Occurrence of pharmaceuticals in urban wastewater of north Indian cities and risk assessment, Environ. Monit. Assess., 186 (2014) 6663–6682.
  9. J. Rivera-Utrilla, M. Sánchez-Polo, M.Á. Ferro-García, G. Prados-Joya, R. Ocampo-Pérez, Pharmaceuticals as emerging contaminants and their removal from water. A review, Chemosphere, 93 (2013) 1268–1287.
  10. D.Q. Zhang, R.M. Gersberg, W.J. Ng, S.K. Tan, Removal of pharmaceuticals and personal care products in aquatic plant-based systems: a review, Environ. Pollut., 184 (2014) 620–639.
  11. R.C. Asha, M. Kumar, Photocatalytic degradation of poultry wastewater using activated carbon-supported titanium dioxide, Desal. Wat. Treat., 54 (2015) 3279–3290.
  12. M. Ginni, S.A. Kumar, J.R. Banu, I.T. Yeom, Synergistic photodegradation of pulp and paper mill wastewater by combined advanced oxidation process, Desal. Wat. Treat., 68 (2017) 160–169.
  13. K. Davididou, R. Nelson, J.M. Monteagudo, A. Durán, A.J. Expósito, E. Chatzisymeon, Photocatalytic degradation of bisphenol-A under UV-LED, blacklight and solar irradiation, J. Cleaner Prod., 203 (2018) 13–21.
  14. G. Shankaraiah, S. Poodari, D. Bhagawan, V. Himabindu, S. Vidyavathi, Degradation of antibiotic norfloxacin in aqueous solution using advanced oxidation processes (AOPs)—a comparative study, Desal. Wat. Treat., 57 (2016) 27804–27815.
  15. S.R. Reddy, V. Saritha, M.K. Karnena, B.K. Dwarapureddi, Combined SBR and RO pilot scale treatment for pharmaceutical wastewater, Desal. Wat. Treat., 98 (2017) 45–51.
  16. B. Lopez-Alvarez, R.A. Torres-Palma, G. Peñuela, Solar photocatalitycal treatment of carbofuran at lab and pilot scale: effect of classical parameters, evaluation of the toxicity and analysis of organic by-products, J. Hazard. Mater., 191 (2011) 196–203.
  17. P. Chinnaiyan, S.G. Thampi, M. Kumar, M. Balachandran, Photocatalytic degradation of metformin and amoxicillin in synthetic hospital wastewater: effect of classical parameters, Int. J. Environ. Sci. Technol., 16 (2019) 5463–5474.
  18. B. Petrie, R. Barden, B. Kasprzyk-Hordern, A review on emerging contaminants in wastewaters and the environment: current knowledge, understudied areas and recommendations for future monitoring, Water Res., 72 (2015) 3–27.
  19. P. Chinnaiyan, S.G. Thampi, M. Kumar, K.M. Mini, Pharmaceutical products as emerging contaminant in water: relevance for developing nations and identification of critical compounds for Indian environment, Environ. Monit. Assess., 190 (2018) 288.
  20. D.E. Helbling, J. Hollender, H.-P.E. Kohler, H. Singer, K. Fenner, High-throughput identification of microbial transformation products of organic micropollutants, Environ. Sci. Technol., 44 (2010) 6621–6627.
  21. B.I. Escher, R. Baumgartner, M. Koller, K. Treyer, J. Lienert, C.S. McArdell, Environmental toxicology and risk assessment of pharmaceuticals from hospital wastewater, Water Res., 45 (2011) 75–92.
  22. J.H.O.S. Pereira, A.C. Reis, O.C. Nunes, M.T. Borges, V.J.P. Vilar, R.A.R. Boaventura, Assessment of solar driven TiO2-assisted photocatalysis efficiency on amoxicillin degradation, Environ. Sci. Pollut. Res., 21 (2014) 1292–1303.
  23. F.S. Moosavi, T. Tavakoli, Amoxicillin degradation from contaminated water by solar photocatalysis using response surface methodology (RSM), Environ. Sci. Pollut. Res., 23 (2016) 23262–23270.
  24. S.Y. Chun, W.J. Chung, S.S. Kim, J.T. Kim, S.W. Chang, Optimization of the TiO2/Ge composition by the response surface method of photocatalytic degradation under ultraviolet-A irradiation and the toxicity reduction of amoxicillin, J. Ind. Eng. Chem., 27 (2015) 291–296.
  25. L. Das, U. Maity, J.K. Basu, The photocatalytic degradation of carbamazepine and prediction by artificial neural networks, Process Saf. Environ. Prot., 92 (2014) 888–895.
  26. V.J. Pereira, K.G. Linden, H.S. Weinberg, Evaluation of UV irradiation for photolytic and oxidative degradation of pharmaceutical compounds in water, Water Res., 41 (2007) 4413–4423.
  27. E.S. Elmolla, M. Chaudhuri, Photocatalytic degradation of amoxicillin, ampicillin and cloxacillin antibiotics in aqueous solution using UV/TiO2 and UV/H2O2/TiO2 photocatalysis, Desalination, 252 (2010) 46–52.
  28. A.G. Trovó, R.F.P. Nogueira, A. Agüera, A.R. Fernandez-Alba, S. Malato, Degradation of the antibiotic amoxicillin by photo-Fenton process – chemical and toxicological assessment, Water Res., 45 (2011) 1394–1402.
  29. Y.J. Jung, W.G. Kim, Y.J. Yoon, J.-W. Kang, Y.M. Hong, H.W. Kim, Removal of amoxicillin by UV and UV/H2O2 processes, Sci. Total Environ., 420 (2012) 160–167.
  30. D. Kanakaraju, J. Kockler, C.A. Motti, B.D. Glass, M. Oelgemöller, Titanium dioxide/zeolite integrated photocatalytic adsorbents for the degradation of amoxicillin, Appl. Catal., B, 166 (2015) 45–55.