1. S. Giacomazzi, N. Cochet, Environmental impact of diuron transformation: a review, Chemosphere, 56 (2004) 1021–1032.
  2. G. Holmes, Australia’s pesticide environmental risk assessment failure: the case of diuron and sugarcane, Mar. Pollut. Bull., 88 (2014) 7–13.
  3. W.A. Mitch, J.O. Sharp, R.R. Trussell, R.L. Valentine, L. Alvarez-Cohen, D.L. Sedlak, N-nitrosodimethylamine (NDMA) as a drinking water contaminant: a review. Environ. Eng. Sci., 20 (2003) 389–404.
  4. W.-H. Chen, T.M. Young, Influence of nitrogen source on NDMA formation during chlorination of diuron, Water Res., 43 (2009) 3047–3056.
  5. SINDIVEG, The sector of crop protection products in Brazil, 2016 [cited 2019 20/02]. Available from:
  6. F.A. Petter, T.S. Ferreira, A.P. Sinhorin, F.A. Almeida, L.P. Pacheco, A.F. Silva, Biochar increases the sorption and reduces the potential contamination of subsurface water with diuron in sandy soil, Pedosphere, (2019), (in press),
  7. R. Loos, G. Locoro, S. Comero, S. Contini, D. Schwesig, F. Werres, P. Balsaa, O. Gans, S. Weiss, L. Blaha, Pan-European survey on the occurrence of selected polar organic persistent pollutants in ground water, Water Res., 44 (2010) 4115–4126.
  8. C.C. Kaonga, K. Takeda, H. Sakugawa, Diuron, Irgarol 1051 and Fenitrothion contamination for a river passing through an agricultural and urban area in Higashi Hiroshima City, Japan. Sci. Total Environ., 518 (2015) 450–458.
  9. C. Directive, 98/83/EC on the quality of water intended for human consumption, Off. J. Eur. Communit, 330 (1998) 42.
  10. A. Di Bernardo Dantas, C. Paschoalato, M. Martinez, R. Ballejo, L. Di Bernardo, Removal of diuron and hexazinone from Guarany aquifer groundwater. Braz. J. Chem. Eng., 28 (2011) 415–424.
  11. C. Maqueda, M. Dos Santos Afonso, E. Morillo, R.T. Sánchez, M. Perez-Sayago, T. Undabeytia, Adsorption of diuron on mechanically and thermally treated montmorillonite and sepiolite. Appl. Clay Sci., 72 (2013) 175–183.
  12. S.R. Rissato, M. Libânio, G.P. Giafferis, M. Gerenutti, Determinação de pesticidas organoclorados em água de manancial, água potável e solo na região de Bauru (SP). Quim. Nova, 27 (2004) 739–743.
  13. I. Buchanan, H.C. Liang, Z.K. Liu, V. Razaviarani, M.Z. Rahman, Pesticides and herbicides, Water Environ. Res., 82 (2013) 1594–1693.
  14. S.-W. Nam, D.-J. Choi, S.-K. Kim, N. Her, K.-D. Zoh, Adsorption characteristics of selected hydrophilic and hydrophobic micropollutants in water using activated carbon, J. Hazard. Mater., 270 (2014) 144–152.
  15. V. Gupta, Application of low-cost adsorbents for dye removal–a review, J. Environ. Manage., 90 (2009) 2313–2342.
  16. A. Gebrekidan, M. Teferi, T. Asmelash, K. Gebrehiwet, A. Hadera, K. Amare, J. Deckers, B. Van Der Bruggen, Acacia etbaica as a potential low-cost adsorbent for removal of organochlorine pesticides from water, J. Water Resour. Prot., 7 (2015) 278.
  17. Z. Aksu, Application of biosorption for the removal of organic pollutants: a review, Process Biochem., 40 (2005) 997–1026.
  18. P. Kumari, P. Sharma, S. Srivastava, M. Srivastava, Biosorption studies on shelled Moringa oleifera Lamarck seed powder: removal and recovery of arsenic from aqueous system, Int. J. Miner. Process., 78 (2006) 131–139.
  19. M. Matouq, N. Jildeh, M. Qtaishat, M. Hindiyeh, M.Q. Al Syouf, The adsorption kinetics and modeling for heavy metals removal from wastewater by Moringa pods, J. Environ. Chem. Eng., 3 (2015) 775–784.
  20. S.N. do Carmo Ramos, A.L.P. Xavier, F.S. Teodoro, M.M.C. Elias, F.J. Goncalves, L.F. Gil, R.P. de Freitas, L.V.A. Gurgel, Modeling mono-and multi-component adsorption of cobalt (II), copper (II), and nickel (II) metal ions from aqueous solution onto a new carboxylated sugarcane bagasse. Part I: Batch adsorption study, Ind. Crops Prod., 74 (2015) 357–371.
  21. M. Akhtar, S.M. Hasany, M. Bhanger, S. Iqbal, Sorption potential of Moringa oleifera pods for the removal of organic pollutants from aqueous solutions, J. Hazard. Mater., 141 (2007) 546–556.
  22. A.T.A. Baptista, M.O. Silva, R.G. Gomes, R. Bergamasco, M.F. Vieira, A.M.S. Vieira, Protein fractionation of seeds of Moringa oleifera lam and its application in superficial water treatment, Sep. Purif. Technol., 180 (2017) 114–124.
  23. F.O. Tavares, L.A.d.M. Pinto, F.d.J. Bassetti, M.F. Vieira, R. Bergamasco, A.M.S. Vieira, Environmentally friendly biosorbents (husks, pods and seeds) from Moringa oleifera for Pb(II) removal from contaminated water, Environ. Technol., 38 (2017) 3145–3155.
  24. Z.F. Ma, J. Ahmad, H. Zhang, I. Khan, S. Muhammad, Evaluation of phytochemical and medicinal properties of Moringa (Moringa oleifera) as a potential functional food, S. Afr. J. Bot., (2019), (In Press),
  25. C. Cui, S. Chen, X. Wang, G. Yuan, F. Jiang, X. Chen, L. Wang, Characterization of Moringa oleifera roots polysaccharide MRP-1 with anti-inflammatory effect, Int. J. Biol. Macromol., 132 (2019) 844–851.
  26. D. Rezende, L. Nishi, P.F. Coldebella, M.F. Silva, M.F. Vieira, A.M. Vieira, R. Bergamasco, M.R. Fagundes-Klen, Groundwater nitrate contamination: assessment and treatment using Moringa oleifera Lam. seed extract and activated carbon filtration, Can. J. Chem. Eng., 94 (2016) 725–732.
  27. D.H.K. Reddy, K. Seshaiah, A.V.R. Reddy, M.M. Rao, M.C. Wang, Biosorption of Pb2+ from aqueous solutions by Moringa oleifera bark: equilibrium and kinetic studies, J. Hazard. Mater., 174 (2010) 831–838.
  28. M.H. Kalavathy, L.R. Miranda, Moringa oleifera—A solid phase extractant for the removal of copper, nickel and zinc from aqueous solutions, Chem. Eng. J., 158 (2010) 188–199.
  29. J.J. Ojeda, M. Dittrich, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy for molecular analysis of microbial cells, in Microbial Systems Biology 2012, Springer, pp. 187–211.
  30. A.M.S. Mimura, T.d.A. Vieira, P.B. Martelli, H.d.F. Gorgulho, Aplicação da casca de arroz na adsorção dos íons Cu2+, Al3+, Ni2+ e Zn2+, Quim. Nova, 33 (2010) 1279–1284.
  31. V.K. Gupta, B. Gupta, A. Rastogi, S. Agarwal, A. Nayak, Pesticides removal from waste water by activated carbon prepared from waste rubber tire, Water Res., 45 (2011) 4047–4055.
  32. S.Y. Lagergren, Zur Theorie der sogenannten Adsorption gelöster Stoffe, 1898.
  33. Y. Ho, J. Ng, G. McKay, Kinetics of pollutant sorption by biosorbents: review, Sep. Purif. Rev., 29 (2000) 189–232.
  34. W. Weber, J. Morris, Kinetics of adsorption on carbon from solution, J. Sanit. Eng. Div. Am. Soc. Civ. Eng., 89 (1963) 31–60.
  35. G. Boyd, A. Adamson, L. Myers Jr, The exchange adsorption of ions from aqueous solutions by organic zeolites. II. Kinetics, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 69 (1947) 2836–2848.
  36. I. Langmuir, The constitution and fundamental properties of solids and liquids. Part I. Solids, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 38 (1916) 2221–2295.
  37. H. Freundlich, Over the adsorption in solution, J. Phys. Chem., 57 (1906) 1100–1107.
  38. M. Temkin, V. Pyzhev, Kinetics of ammonia synthesis on promoted iron catalyst, Acta Phys. Chim. USSR, 12 (1940) 327.
  39. M. Dubinin, The equation of the characteristic curve of activated charcoal, in Dokl. Akad. Nauk. SSSR. 55 (1947) 327–329.
  40. Y. Liu, Is the free energy change of adsorption correctly calculated?, J. Chem. Eng. Data, 54 (2009) 1981–1985.
  41. S. Salvestrini, V. Leone, P. Iovino, S. Canzano, S. Capasso, Considerations about the correct evaluation of sorption thermodynamic parameters from equilibrium isotherms, J. Chem. Thermodyn., 68 (2014) 310–316.
  42. C.S.T. Araújo, D.C. Carvalho, H.C. Rezende, I.L.S. Almeida, L.M. Coelho, N.M.M. Coelho, T.L. Marques, V.N. Alves, Bioremediation of Waters Contaminated with Heavy Metals Using Moringa oleifera Seeds as Biosorbent, in D.Y. Patil, Ed., Applied Bioremediation - Active and Passive Approaches, 2013.
  43. E. Ayranci, N. Hoda, E. Bayram, Adsorption of benzoic acid onto high specific area activated carbon cloth, J. Colloid Interface Sci., 284 (2005) 83–88.
  44. G. Sheng, Y. Yang, M. Huang, K. Yang, Influence of pH on pesticide sorption by soil containing wheat residue-derived char. Environ. Pollut., 134 (2005) 457–463.
  45. P. Rocha, A. Faria, L. Borges, L. Silva, A. Silva, E. Ferreira, Sorption and desorption of diuron in four brazilian latosols, Planta Daninha, 31 (2013) 231–238.
  46. M. Madhava Rao, A. Ramesh, G. Purna Chandra Rao, K. Seshaiah, Removal of copper and cadmium from the aqueous solutions by activated carbon derived from Ceiba pentandra hulls, J. Hazard. Mater., 129 (2006) 123–129.
  47. D.H.K. Reddy, D.K.V. Ramana, K. Seshaiah, A.V.R. Reddy, Biosorption of Ni(II) from aqueous phase by Moringa oleifera bark, a low cost biosorbent, Desalination, 268 (2011) 150–157.
  48. J. Pan, B. Guan, Adsorption of nitrobenzene from aqueous solution on activated sludge modified by cetyltrimethylammonium bromide, J. Hazard. Mater., 183 (2010) 341–346.
  49. L. Mataka, S. Sajidu, W. Masamba, J. Mwatseteza, Cadmium Sorption by Moringa stemopetala and Moringa oleifera Seed Powders: Batch, Time, Temperature, pH and Adsorption Isotherm Studies, Acad. J., 2010.
  50. G. McKay, M.S. Otterburn, A.G. Sweeney, The removal of colour from effluent using various adsorbents—III. Silica: Rate processes. Water Res., 14 (1980) 15–20.
  51. J. Febrianto, A.N. Kosasih, J. Sunarso, Y.-H. Ju, N. Indraswati, S. Ismadji, Equilibrium and kinetic studies in adsorption of heavy metals using biosorbent: a summary of recent studies, J. Hazard. Mater., 162 (2009) 616–645.
  52. D.D. Maksin, S.O. Kljajević, M.B. Đolić, J.P. Marković, B.M. Ekmeščić, A.E. Onjia, A.B. Nastasović, Kinetic modeling of heavy metal sorption by vinyl pyridine based copolymer, Hem. Ind., 66 (2012) 795–804.
  53. A. Ebrahimi, M. Ehteshami, B. Dahrazma, Isotherm and kinetic studies for the biosorption of cadmium from aqueous solution by Alhaji maurorum seed, Process Saf. Environ. Prot., 98 (2015) 374–382.
  54. S. Srivastava, S.B. Agrawal, M.K. Mondal, Biosorption isotherms and kinetics on removal of Cr(VI) using native and chemically modified Lagerstroemia speciosa bark, Ecol. Eng., 85 (2015) 56–66.
  55. F. Wang, L. Tan, Q. Liu, R. Li, Z. Li, H. Zhang, S. Hu, L. Liu, J. Wang, Biosorption characteristics of uranium (VI) from aqueous solution by pollen pini, J. Environ. Radioact., 150 (2015) 93–98.
  56. D.O. Cooney, Adsorption Design for Wastewater Treatment, CRC Press, 1998.