1. G.B. Adebayo, H.I. Adegoke, W. Jamiu, B.B. Balogun, A.A. Jimoh, Adsorption of Mn(II) and Co(II) ions from aqueous solution using maize cob activated carbon: kinetics and thermodynamics studies, J. Appl. Sci. Environ. Manage., 19 (2015) 737–748.
  2. E. Ajenifuja, J.A. Ajao, E.O.B. Ajayi, Adsorption isotherm studies of Cu(II) and Co(II) in high concentration aqueous solutions on photocatalytically modified diatomaceous ceramic adsorbents, Appl. Water Sci., 7 (2017) 3793–3801.
  3. F.A. Al Sagheer, M.A. Al-Sughayer, S. Muslim, M.Z. Elsabee, Extraction, and characterization of chitin and chitosan from marine sources in Arabian Gulf, Carbohydr. Polym., 77 (2009) 77 410–419.
  4. F. Ali, T. Mussa, A. Abdulla, A. Alwan, D. Salih, Removal of cadmium from wastewater using low-cost natural adsorbents, Int. Res. J. Environ. Sci., 4 (2015) 11–15.
  5. M. Aliabadi, M. Irani, J. Ismaeili, H. Piri, M.J. Parnian, Electrospun nanofiber membrane of PEO/chitosan for the adsorption of nickel, cadmium, lead and copper ions from aqueous solution, Chem. Eng. J., 220 (2013) 237–243.
  6. J. Anwar, U. Shafique, M. Salman, A. Dar, S. Anwar, Removal of Pb(II) and Cd(II) from water by adsorption on peels of banana, Bioresour. Technol., 101 (2010) 1752–1762.
  7. Y.H. Wang, S.H., Lin, R.S. Juang, Removal of heavy metal ions from aqueous solutions using various low-cost adsorbents, J. Hazard. Mater., 102 (2003) 291–302.
  8. B. Ramavandi, R. Foroutan, M. Madani, M.R. Farani, A.K. Kori, E. Behrad, Study Ni(II) and Zn(II) biosorption using NaOH-treated biomass of Rhizopus oryzae, Int. J. Pharm. Technol., 6 (2016) 25133–25152.
  9. S.S. Baral, N. Das, G.R. Chaudhury, S.N. Das, A preliminary study on the adsorptive removal of Cr(VI) using seaweed, Hydrilla verticillate, J. Hazard. Mater., 171 (2009) 358–369.
  10. F. Bouhamed, Z. Elouear, J. Bouzid, Adsorptive removal of copper(II) from aqueous solutions on activated carbon prepared from Tunisian date stones: equilibrium, kinetics and thermodynamics, J. Taiwan Inst. Chem. Eng., 43 (2012) 741–749.
  11. L. Ding, B. Zou, W. Gao, Q. Liu, Z. Wang, Y. Guo, X. Wang, Y. Liu, Adsorption of Rhodamine-B from aqueous solution using treated rice husk-based activated carbon, Colloids Surf., A, 446 (2014) 1–7.
  12. E. Yagmur, M.S. Tunc, A. Banford, Z. Aktas, Preparation of activated carbon from autohydrolyzed mixed southern hardwood, J. Anal. Appl. Pyrolysis, 104 (2013) 470–478.
  13. M.E. Fernandez, G.V. Nunell, P.R. Bonelli, A.L. Cukierman, Activated carbon developed from orange peels: batch and dynamic competitive adsorption of basic dyes, Ind. Crops Prod., 62 (2014) 437–445.
  14. J. Yang, M. Yu, W. Chen, Adsorption of hexavalent chromium from aqueous solution by activated carbon prepared from longan seed: kinetics, equilibrium, and thermodynamics, J. Ind. Eng. Chem., 21 (2015) 414–422.
  15. S. Mondal, K. Sinha, K. Aikat, G. Halder, Adsorption thermodynamics and kinetics of ranitidine hydrochloride onto superheated steam activated carbon derived from mung bean husk, J. Environ. Chem. Eng., 3 (2015) 187–195.
  16. A.M. Yuso, B. Rubio, M.T. Izquierdo, Influence of activation atmosphere used in the chemical activation of almond shell on the characteristics and adsorption performance of activated carbons, Fuel Process. Technol., 119 (2014) 74–80.
  17. A. Benhammou, A. Yaacoubi, L. Nibou, B. Tanouti, Adsorption of metal ions onto Moroccan stevensite: kinetic and isotherm studies, J. Colloid Interface Sci., 282 (2005) 320–326.
  18. X. Jiang, S. Li, G. Xiang, Q. Li, L. Fan, L. He, K. Gu, Determination of the acid values of edible oils via FTIR spectroscopy based on the O-H stretching band, Food Chem., 212 (2016) 585–589.
  19. M. Rozenberg, G. Shoham, FTIR spectra of solid poly-l-lysine in the stretching NH mode range, Biophys. Chem., 125 (2007) 166–171.
  20. Y. Shashoua, M.L. Degn Berthelsen, O.F. Nielsen, Raman and ATR‐FTIR spectroscopies applied to the conservation of archaeological Baltic amber, J. Raman Spectrosc., 37 (2006) 1221–1227.
  21. I. Medhat, N. Abdallah, K. Diaa Eldin, Density functional theory and FTIR spectroscopic study of carboxyl group, Indian J. Pure Appl. Phys., 43 (2005) 911–917.
  22. G. Nikolic, S. Zlatkovic, M. Cakic, S. Cakic, C. Lacnjevac, Z. Rajic, Fast Fourier transform IR characterization of epoxy GY systems crosslinked with aliphatic and cycloaliphatic EH polyamine adducts, Sensors, 10 (2010) 684–696.
  23. C.L. Raju, J.L. Rao, B.C.V. Reddy, K. Veera Brahmam, Thermal and IR studies on copper doped polyvinyl alcohol, Bull. Mater. Sci., 30 (2007) 215–218.
  24. D. Gusain, V. Srivastava, Y.C. Sharma, Kinetic and thermodynamic studies on the removal of Cu(II) ions from aqueous solutions by adsorption on modified sand, J. Ind. Eng. Chem., 20 (2014) 841–847.
  25. T.A. Saleh, K.R. Alhooshani, M.S. Abdelbassit, Evaluation of AC/ZnO composite for sorption of dichloromethane, trichloromethane and carbon tetrachloride: kinetics and isotherms, J. Taiwan Inst. Chem. Eng., 55 (2015) 159–169.
  26. S. Yao, J. Zhang, D. Shen, R. Xiao, S. Gu, M. Zhao, J. Liang, Removal of Pb(II) from water by the activated carbon modified by nitric acid under microwave heating, J. Colloid Interface Sci., 463 (2016) 118–127.
  27. W.N. Nyairo, Y.R. Eker, C. Kowenje, I. Akin, H. Bingol, A. Tor, D.M. Ongeri, Efficient adsorption of lead(II) and copper(II) from aqueous phase using oxidized multiwalled carbon nanotubes/ polypyrrole composite, Sep. Sci. Technol., 53 (2018) 1498–1510.
  28. O.S. Lawal, A.R. Sanni, I.A. Ajayi, O.O. Rabiu, Equilibrium, thermodynamic and kinetic studies for the biosorption of aqueous lead(II) ions onto the seed husk of Calophyllum inophyllum, J. Hazard. Mater., 177 (2010) 829–835.
  29. G.Z. Kyzas, E.A. Deliyanni, K.A. Matis, Activated carbons produced by pyrolysis of waste potato peels: cobalt ions removal by adsorption, Colloids Surf., A, 490 (2016) 74–83.
  30. R. Foroutan, H. Esmaeili, M. Abbasi, M. Rezakazemi, M. Mesbah, Adsorption behavior of Cu(II) and Co(II) using chemically modified marine algae, Environ. Technol., 39 (2018) 2792–2800.
  31. R. Foroutan, R. Mohammadi, S. Farjadfard, H. Esmaeili, M. Saberi, S. Sahebi, S. Dobaradaran, B. Ramavandi, Characteristics and performance of Cd, Ni, and Pb bio-adsorption using Callinectes sapidus biomass: real wastewater treatment, Environ. Sci. Pollut. Res., 26 (2019) 6336–6347.
  32. S. Ayub, A.A. Mohammadi, M. Yousefi, F. Changani, Performance evaluation of agro-based adsorbents for the removal of cadmium from wastewater, Desal. Water Treat., 142 (2019) 293–299.
  33. H. Lin, J. Xu, Y. Dong, L. Wang, W. Xu, Y. Zhou, Adsorption of heavy metal cadmium(II) ions using chemically modified corncob: mechanism, kinetics, and thermodynamics, Desal. Water Treat., 57 (2016) 18537–18550.
  34. I. Abdelfattah, A.A. Ismail, F. Al Sayed, A. Almedolab, K.M. Aboelghait, Biosorption of heavy metals ions in real industrial wastewater using peanut husk as efficient and costeffective adsorbent, Environ. Nanotechnol. Monit. Manage., 6 (2016) 176–183.
  35. N. Chaouch, M.R. Ouahrani, S. Chaouch, N. Gherraf, Adsorption of cadmium(II) from aqueous solutions by activated carbon produced from Algerian dates stones of Phoenix dactylifera by H3PO4 activation, Desal. Water Treat., 51 (2013) 2087–2092.
  36. E. Koohzad, D. Jafari, H. Esmaeili, Adsorption of lead and arsenic ions from aqueous solution by activated carbon prepared from tamarix leaves, Chem. Select, 4 (2019) 12356–12367.
  37. A. Ergene, K. Ada, S. Tan, H. Katırcıoğlu, Removal of Remazol Brilliant Blue R dye from aqueous solutions by adsorption onto immobilized Scenedesmus quadricauda: equilibrium and kinetic modeling studies, Desalination, 249 (2009) 1308–1314.
  38. A. Shahidi, N. Jalilnejad, E. Jalilnejad, A study on adsorption of cadmium(II) ions from aqueous solution using Luffa cylindrical, Desal. Water Treat., 53 (2015) 3570–3579.
  39. S.M. Al-Jubouri, S.M. Holmes, Hierarchically porous zeolite X composites for manganese ion-exchange and solidification: equilibrium isotherms, kinetic and thermodynamic studies, Chem. Eng. J., 308 (2017) 476–491.
  40. I.M. Kenawy, M.A.H. Hafez, M.A. Ismail, M.A. Hashem, Adsorption of Cu(II), Cd(II), Hg(II), Pb(II) and Zn(II) from aqueous single metal solutions by guanyl-modified cellulose, Int. J. Biol. Macromol., 107 (2018) 1538–1549.
  41. H. Demiral, C. Güngör, Adsorption of copper(II) from aqueous solutions on activated carbon prepared from grape bagasse, J. Cleaner Prod., 124 (2016) 103–113.
  42. A. Ozcan, A.S. Ozcan, S. Tunali, T. Akar, I. Kiran, Determination of the equilibrium, kinetic and thermodynamic parameters of adsorption of copper(II) ions onto seeds of Capsicum annuum, J. Hazard. Mater., 124 (2005) 200–208.
  43. S. Basha, Z.V.P. Murthy, B. Jha, Sorption of Hg(II) from aqueous solutions onto Carica papaya: application of isotherms, Ind. Eng. Chem. Res., 47 (2008) 980–986.
  44. P.L. Homagai, K.N. Ghimire, K. Inoue, Adsorption behavior of heavy metals onto chemically modified sugarcane bagasse, Bioresour. Technol., 101 (2010) 2067–2069.
  45. N. Feng, X. Guo, S. Liang, Adsorption study of copper(II) by chemically modified orange peel, J. Hazard. Mater., 164 (2009) 1286–1292.
  46. B. Kizilkaya, A.A. Tekinay, Y. Dilgin, Adsorption and removal of Cu(II) ions from aqueous solution using pretreated fish bones, Desalination, 264 (2010) 37–47.
  47. S.K. Yadav, D.K. Singh, S. Sinha, Chemical carbonization of papaya seed originated charcoals for sorption of Pb(II) from aqueous solution, J. Environ. Chem. Eng., 2 (2014) 9–19.
  48. K.S. Tong, M.J. Kassim, A. Azraa, Adsorption of copper ion from its aqueous solution by a novel biosorbent Uncaria gambir: equilibrium, kinetics, and thermodynamic studies, Chem. Eng. J., 170 (2011) 145–153.
  49. Y. Abshirini, R. Foroutan, H. Esmaeili, Cr(VI) removal from aqueous solution using activated carbon prepared from Ziziphus spina-christi leaf, Mater. Res. Express, 6 (2019) 102004–102020.
  50. R. Donat, A. Akdogan, E. Erdem, H. Cetisli, Thermodynamics of Pb2+ and Ni2+ adsorption onto natural bentonite from aqueous solutions, J. Colloid Interface Sci., 286 (2005) 43–52.
  51. A. Jafari Kang, M. Baghdadi, A. Pardakhti, Removal of cadmium and lead from aqueous solutions by magnetic acidtreated activated carbon nanocomposite, Desal. Water Treat., 57 (2016) 18782–18798.
  52. A. Rezaee, B. Ramavandi, F. Ganati, M.Ansari, A. Solimanian, Biosorption of mercury by biomass of filamentous algae Spirogyra sp., J. Biol. Sci., 6 (2006) 695–700.
  53. M. Fooladvand, B. Ramavandi, Adsorption potential of NH4Br-soaked activated carbon for cyanide removal from wastewater, Indian J. Chem. Technol., 22 (2015) 183–193.
  54. M. Ghaedi, E. Shojaeipour, A.M. Ghaedi, R. Sahraei, Isotherm and kinetics study of malachite green adsorption onto copper nanowires loaded on activated carbon: artificial neural network modeling and genetic algorithm optimization, Spectrochim. Acta, 142 (2015) 135–149.
  55. M. Ghaedi, S. Hajjati, Z. Mahmudi, I. Tyagi, S. Agarwal, A. Maity, V.K. Gupta, Modeling of competitive ultrasonic assisted removal of the dyes Methylene blue and Safranin-O using Fe3O4 nanoparticles, Chem. Eng. J., 268 (2015) 28–37.
  56. Z. Hasan, J. Jeon, S.H. Jhung, Adsorptive removal of naproxen and clofibric acid from water using metal-organic frameworks, J. Hazard. Mater., 209–210 (2012) 151–157.
  57. J. Romero-Gonzalez, J.R. Peralta-Videa, E. Rodríguez, M. Delgado, J.L. Gardea-Torresdey, Potential of Agave lechuguilla biomass for Cr(III) removal from aqueous solutions: thermodynamic studies, Bioresour. Technol., 97 (2006) 178–182.
  58. Z. Aksu, İ.A. İşoğlu, Removal of copper(II) ions from aqueous solution by biosorption onto agricultural waste sugar beet pulp, Process Biochem., 40 (2005) 3031–3044.
  59. N. Azouaou, Z. Sadaoui, A. Djaafri, H. Mokaddem, Adsorption of cadmium from aqueous solution onto untreated coffee grounds: equilibrium, kinetics and thermodynamics, J. Hazard. Mater., 184 (2010) 126–134.