1. WHO, Guidelines for Drinking-Water Quality, 4th ed., World Health Organization, Switzerland, 2011.
  2. E.H. Abdennebi, R. Fandi, D. Lamnaouer, Human fluorosis in Morocco: analytical and clinical investigations, Vet. Hum. Toxicol., 37 (1995) 465–468.
  3. N. Hamdi, E. Srasra, Sorption of phosphate from acidic wastewater into three Tunisian type clay soils, J. Water Chem. Technol., 30 (2008) 208–214.
  4. H. Maadid, Y. Koulali, A. Mabrouk, E. El Mzouri, Exploitation of local knowledge of farmers on fluorosis for mapping soil in morocco western central: case of Beni Meskine, province of Settat, Int. J. Adv. Res., (2016) 2320–5407, doi: 10.21474/ IJAR01/1547.
  5. M.S. Al-Hwaiti, H.J. Brumsack, B. Schnetger, Suitability assessment of phosphate mine waste water for agricultural irrigation: an example from Eshidiya Mines, South Jordan, Environ. Earth Sci., 75 (2016) 276–285.
  6. C. Trépanier, S. Parent, Y. Comeau, J. Bouvrette, Phosphorus budget as a water quality management tool for closed aquatic mesocosms, Water Res., 36 (2002) 1007–1017.
  7. M. Mohapatra, S. Anand, B.K. Mishra, D.E. Giles, P. Singh, Review of fluoride removal from drinking water, J. Environ. Manage., 91 (2009) 67–77.
  8. R.X. Liu, J.L. Guo, H.X. Tang, Adsorption of fluoride, phosphate, and arsenate ions on a new type of ion exchange fiber, J. Colloid Interface Sci., 248 (2002) 268–274.
  9. P. Loganathan, S. Vigneswaran, J. Kandasamy, S.N. Bolan, Removal and recovery of phosphate from water using sorption, Crit. Rev. Env. Sci. Technol., 44 (2014) 847–907.
  10. T. Yamashita, R. Yamamoto-Ikemoto, Nitrogen and phosphorus removal from wastewater treatment plant effluent via bacterial sulfate reduction in an anoxic bioreactor packed with wood and Iron, Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health, 11 (2014) 9835–9853.
  11. M.G. Sujana, S. Anand, Fluoride removal studies from contaminated ground water by using bauxite, Desalination, 267 (2014) 222–227.
  12. A.P. Viacheslav, M. Will, Chemo- and stereo-selectivity in oxidation of fluorinated cyclic sulfides by m-chloroperoxybenzoic acid, J. Fluorine Chem., 169 (2015) 6–11
  13. S. Saha, Treatment of aqueous effluent for fluoride removal, Water Res., 8 (1993) 1347–1350.
  14. Z. Amof, B. Bariou, N. Mameri, M. Taky, S. Nicolas, A. Elmidaoui, Fluoride removal from brackish water by electrodialysis, Desalination, 133 (2001) 215–223.
  15. F. Bergaya, B.K.G. Theng, G. Lagaly, Handbook of Clay Science, 1st ed., Elsevier, Netherlands, 2006.
  16. R.E. Grim, Applied Lay Mineralogy, 1st ed., McGraw-Hill, New York, 1962.
  17. G.J. Churchman, W.P. Gates, B.K.G. Theng, G.D. Yuan, Chapter 11.1 – Clays and Clay Minerals for Pollution Control, F. Bergaya, B.K.G. Theng, G. Lagaly, Eds., Developments in Clay Science, Elsevier, Netherlands, 2006, pp. 625–675.
  18. M.U. Kashif, A review on the adsorption of heavy metals by clay minerals, with special focus on the past decade, Chem. Eng. J., 308 (2017) 438–462.
  19. W.-Y. Huang, D. Li, Z.-Q. Liu, Q. Tao, Y. Zhu, J. Yang, Y.-M. Zhang, Kinetics, isotherm, thermodynamic, and adsorption mechanism studies of La(OH)3 – modified exfoliated vermiculites as highly efficient phosphate adsorbents, Chem. Eng. J., 236 (2014) 191–201.
  20. N. Nabbou, M. Belhachemi, M. Boumelik, T. Merzougui, D. Lahcene, Y. Harek, A.A. Zorpas, M. Jeguirim, Removal of fluoride from groundwater using natural clay (kaolinite): optimization of adsorption conditions, C.R. Chim., 22 (2019) 105–112.
  21. B. Sarkar, R. Rusmin, U.C. Ugochukwu, R. Mukhopadhyay, K.M. Manjaiah, Chapter 5 – Modified Clay Minerals for Environmental Applications, M. Mercurio, B. Sarkar, A. Langella, Eds., Modified Clay and Zeolite Nanocomposite Materials: Environmental and Pharmaceutical Applications: A volume in Micro and Nano Technologies, Elsevier, Netherlands, 2019, pp. 113–127.
  22. L. Betega de Paiva, A.R. Morales, F.R. Valenzuela Díaz, Organoclays: properties, preparation and applications, Appl. Clay Sci., 42 (2008) 8–24.
  23. R.A. Schoonheydt, C.T. Johnston, The surface properties of clay minerals, EMU Notes Mineral., 11 (2011) 337–373.
  24. S. Gammoudi, N. Frini-Srasra, E. Srasra, Nitrate sorption by organosmectites, Eng. Geol., 124 (2012) 119–129.
  25. Y. Park, G.A. Ayoko, R. Kurdi, E. Horváth, J. Kristóf, R.L. Frost, Adsorption of phenolic compounds by organoclays: implications for the removal of organic pollutants from aqueous media, J. Colloid Interface Sci., 406 (2013) 196–208.
  26. D.M. Alshangiti, M.M. Ghobashy, S.A. Alkhursani, F.S. Shokr, S.A. Al-Gahtany, M.M. Madani, Semi-permeable membrane fabricated from organoclay/PS/EVA irradiated by γ-rays for water purification from dyes, J. Mater. Res. Technol., 8 (2019) 6134–6145.
  27. N. Hamdi, E. Srasra, Acid-base properties of organosmectite in aqueous suspension, Appl. Clay Sci., 99 (2014) 1–6.
  28. O.A. Oyewo, M.S. Onyango, C. Wolkersdorfer, Adsorptive performance of surface-modified montmorillonite in vanadium removal from mine water, Mine Water Environ., 36 (2017) 628–637.
  29. M. Gharbi, A. Masrouhi, N. Espurt, O. Bellier, E.A. Amari, M. Ben Youssef, M. Ghanmi, New tectono-sedimentary evidences for Aptian to Santonian extension of the Cretaceous rifting in the northern Chotts range (Southern Tunisia), J. Afr. Earth Sci., 79 (2013) 58–73.
  30. K.A. Carrado, A. Decarreau, S. Petit, F. Bergaya, G. Lagaly, Chapter 4 – Synthetic Clay Minerals and Purification of Natural Clays, F. Bergaya, B.K.G. Theng, G. Lagaly, Eds, Developments in Clay Science, Elsevier, Netherlands, 2006, pp. 115–139.
  31. S. Jaouadi, A. Mlayah, S. Jellali, Phosphates removal from aqueous solutions by powdered marble wastes under static conditions, Desal. Water. Treat., 52 (2013) 1716–1724.
  32. A.O. Dada, A.P. Olalekan, A.M. Olatunya, O. Dada, Langmuir, Freundlich, Temkin and Dubinin–Radushkevich isotherms studies of equilibrium sorption of Zn2+ unto phosphoric acid modified rice husk, J. Appl. Chem., 3 (2012) 38–45.
  33. I. Msadok, N. Hamdi, M.A. Rodríguez, B. Ferrari, E. Srasra, Synthesis and characterization of Tunisian organoclay: application as viscosifier in oil drilling fluid, Chem. Eng. Res. Des., 153 (2020) 427–434.
  34. H.P. He, R.L. Frost, T. Bostrom, P. Yuan, L. Duong, D. Yang, Y.F. Xi, J.T. Kloprogge, Changes in the morphology of organoclays with HDTMA + surfactant loading, Appl. Clay Sci., 31 (2006) 262–271.
  35. J. Bors, S.T. Dultz, B. Riebe, Retention of radionuclides by organophilic bentonites, Eng. Geol.,54 (1999) 195–206.
  36. I. Msadok, N. Hamdi, S. Gammoudi, M.A. Rodríguez, E. Srasra, Effect of cationic surfactant HDPy+ on the acidity and hydrophilicity of Tunisian clay, Mater. Chem. Phys., 225 (2019) 279–283.
  37. H.W. Van Der Marel, H. Beutelspacher, Atlas of Infrared Spectroscopy of Clay Minerals and Their Ad-mixtures, Elsevier, Amsterdam, 1976, pp. 31–58.
  38. M.C. Brum, J.L. Capitaneo, J.F. Oliveira, Removal of hexavalent chromium from water by adsorption onto surfactant modified montmorillonite, Miner. Eng., 23 (2010) 270–272.
  39. Y. Yang, Y. Ling, J. Paul Chen, Adsorption of fluoride by Fe–Mg–La triple-metal composite: adsorbent preparation, illustration of performance and study of mechanisms, Chem. Eng. J., 262 (2015) 839–846.
  40. T. Nur, P. Loganathan, T.C. Nguyen, S. Vigneswaran, G. Singh, J. Kandasamy, Batch and column adsorption and desorption of fluoride using hydrous ferric oxide: solution chemistry and modeling, Chem. Eng. J., 247 (2014) 93–102.
  41. S. Jellali, M.A. Wahab, R. Ben Hassine, A.H. Hamzaoui, L. Bousselmi, Adsorption characteristics of phosphorus from aqueous solutions onto phosphate mine wastes, Chem. Eng. J., 169 (2011) 157–165.
  42. S. Gammoudi, N. Frini-Srasra, E. Srasra, Preparation, characterization of organosmectites and fluoride ion removal, Int. J. Miner. Process., 125 (2013) 10–17.
  43. M.A. Shanableh, M.M. Elsergany, Removal of phosphate from water using six Al–, Fe–, and Al-Fe-modified bentonite adsorbents, J. Environ. Sci. Health. Part A Toxic/Hazard. Subst. Environ. Eng., 48 (2012) 223–231.
  44. N. Hamdi, E. Srasra, Removal of phosphate ions from aqueous solution using Tunisian clays minerals and synthetic zeolite, J. Environ. Sci., 24 (2012) 617–623.
  45. R. Mudzielwana, M.W. Gitari, S.A. Akinyemi, T.A.M. Msagati, Performance of Mn2+ modified bentonite clay for the removal of fluoride from aqueous solution, S. Afr. J. Chem., 71 (2018) 15–23.
  46. G.S. Zhang, H.J. Liu, R.P. Liu, J.H. Qu, Removal of phosphate from water by a Fe–Mn binary oxide adsorbent, J. Colloid Interface Sci., 335 (2009) 168–174.
  47. J.Y. Choi, J.W. Chung, W.H. Lee, J.-O. Kim, Phosphorous adsorption on synthesized magnetite in wastewater, J. Ind. Eng. Chem., 34 (2016) 198–203.
  48. Y.F. Xi, M. Mallavarapu, R. Naidu, Preparation, characterization of surfactants modified clay minerals and nitrate adsorption, Appl. Clay Sci., 48 (2010) 92–96.
  49. S. Karaca, A. Gürses, M. Ejder, M. Açıkyıldız, Adsorptive removal of phosphate from aqueous solutions using raw and calcinated dolomite, J. Hazard. Mater., 128 (2006) 273–279.
  50. M. Rafatullah, O. Sulaiman, R. Hashim, A. Ahmad, Adsorption of methylene blue on low-cost adsorbents: a review, J. Hazard. Mater., 177 (2010) 70–80.
  51. M.M. Areco, M. dos Santos Afonso, Copper, zinc, cadmium and lead biosorption by Gymnogongrus torulosus. Thermodynamics and kinetics studies, Colloids Surf., B, 81 (2010) 620–628.
  52. A.M.M. Vargas, A.L. Cazetta, M.H. Kunita, T.L. Silva, V.C. Almeida, Adsorption of methylene blue on activated carbon produced from flamboyant pods (Delonix regia): study of adsorption isotherms and kinetic models, Chem. Eng. J., 168 (2011) 722–730.
  53. Z.H. Li, R.S. Bowman, Retention of inorganic oxyanions by organo-kaolinite, Water Res., 35 (2001) 3771–3776.
  54. M.A. El Bouraie, A.A. Masoud, Adsorption of phosphate ions from aqueous solution by modified bentonite with magnesium hydroxide Mg(OH)2, Appl. Clay Sci., 140 (2017) 157–164.
  55. J. Chen, L.-G. Yan, H.-Q. Yu, S. Li, L.-L. Qin, G.-Q. Liu, Y.-F. Li, B. Du, Efficient removal of phosphate by facile prepared magnetic diatomite and illite clay from aqueous solution, Chem. Eng. J., 287 (2016) 162–172.
  56. S.-Y. Yoon, C.-G. Lee, J.-A. Park, J.-H. Kim, S.-B. Kim, S.-H. Lee, J.-W. Choi, Kinetic, equilibrium and thermodynamic studies for phosphate adsorption to magnetic iron oxide nanoparticles, Chem. Eng. J., 236 (2014) 341–347.
  57. Y.T. Peng, Y.Q. Sun, R.Z. Sun, Y.Y. Zhou, D.C.W. Tsang, Q. Chen, Optimizing the synthesis of Fe/Al(Hydr)oxidesbiochars to maximize phosphate removal via response surface model, J. Cleaner Prod., 237 (2019) 117770.
  58. S.Y. Zhang, Y. Lyu, X. Su, Y.Y. Bian, B.W. Yu, Y.L. Zhang, Removal of fluoride ion from groundwater by adsorption on lanthanum and aluminum loaded clay adsorbent, Environ. Earth Sci., 75 (2016) 401,
  59. V. Masindi, W.M. Gitari, T. Ngulube, Defluoridation of drinking water using Al3+-modified bentonite clay: optimization of fluoride adsorption conditions, Toxicol. Environ. Chem., 96 (2014) 1–16.
  60. R. Sankannavar, S. Chaudhari, An imperative approach for fluorosis mitigation: amending aqueous calcium to suppress hydroxyapatite dissolution in defluoridation, J. Environ. Manage., 245 (2019) 230–237.
  61. M. Habuda-Stanić, M. Ergović Ravančić, A. Flanagan, A review on adsorption of fluoride from aqueous solution, Materials (Basel), 7 (2014) 6317–6366.
  62. C.K. Diawara, Nanofiltration process efficiency in water desalination, Sep. Purif. Rev., 37 (2008) 302–324.