1. M. Bodzek, K. Konieczny, Removal of fluoride from aquatic environment, J. Desal. Water Treat., 117 (2018) 118–141.
  2. S.V. Jadhav, E. Bringas, G.D. Yadav, V.K. Rathod, I. Ortiz, K.V. Marathe, Arsenic and fluoride contaminated groundwaters: a review of current technologies for contaminants removal, J. Environ. Manage., 162 (2015) 306–325.
  3. J. Shen, A. Schafer, Removal of fluoride and uranium by nanofiltration and reverse osmosis: a review, Chemosphere, 117 (2014) 679–691.
  4. J. Fawell, K. Bailey, J. Chilton, E. Dahi, L. Fewtrell, Y. Magara, Fluoride in Drinking Water, World Health Organization, London, 2006.
  5. A.B. Kołtuniewicz, E. Drioli, Membranes in Clean Technologies, Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH, Weinheim, 2008.
  6. N. Mameri, A.R. Yeddou, H. Lounici, H. Grib, D. Belhocine, B. Bariou, Defluoridation of septentrional Sahara water of North Africa by electroco-coagulation process using bipolar aluminium electrodes, Water Res., 32 (1998) 1604–1610.
  7. M. Tahaikt, A. Ait Haddou, R. El Habbani, Z. Amor, F. Elhannouni, M. Taky, M. Kharif, A. Boughriba, M. Hafsi, A. Elmidaoui, Comparison of the performances of three commercial membranes in fluoride removal by nanofiltration. Continuous operations, Desalination, 225 (2008) 209–219.
  8. M. Tahaikt, R. El Habbani, A. Ait Haddou, I. Achary, Z. Amor, M. Taky, A. Alami, A. Boughriba, M. Hafsi, A. Elmidaoui, Fluoride removal from groundwater by nanofiltration, Desalination, 212 (2007) 46–53.
  9. Meenakshi, R.C. Maheshwari, Fluoride in drinking water and its removal, J. Hazard. Mater., 137 (2006) 456–463.
  10. S.S. Waghmare, T. Arfin, Fluoride removal from water by various techniques: review, Int. J. Innovative Sci. Eng. Technol., 2 (2015) 560–571.
  11. G. Singh, B. Kumar, P.K. Sen, J. Majumdar, Removal of fluoride from spent pot liner leachate using ion exchange, Water Environ. Res., 71 (1999) 36–42.
  12. B. Solangi, S. Memon, M.I. Bhanger, An excellent fluoride sorption behavior of modified amberlite resin, J. Hazard. Mater., 176 (2010) 186–192.
  13. S.P. Kamble, P. Dixit, S.S. Rayalu, N.K. Labhsetwar, Defluoridation of drinking water using chemically modified bentonite clay, Desalination, 249 (2009) 687–693.
  14. M.A. Menkouchi Sahli, S. Annouarb, M. Tahaikt, M. Mountadar, A. Soufiane, A. Elmidaoui, Fluoride removal for underground brackish water by adsorption on the natural chitosan and by electrodialysis, Desalination, 212 (2007) 37–45.
  15. M. Tahaikt, I. Achary, M.A. Menkouchi Sahli, Z. Amor, M. Taky, A. Alami, A. Boughrib, M. Hafsi, A. Elmidaoui, Defluoridation of Moroccan groundwater by electrodialysis: continuous operation, Desalination, 189 (2006) 215–220.
  16. C.K. Diawara, S.N. Diop, M.A. Diallo, M.A. Farcy, Determination performance of nanofiltration (NF) and low pressure reverse osmosis (LPRM) membranes in the removal of fluorine and salinity from brackish drinking water, Water Resour. Prot., 3 (2011) 912–917.
  17. V.V. Gedam, J.L. Patil, S. Kagne, R.S. Sirsam, P. Labhasetwar, Performance evaluation of polyamide reverse osmosis membrane for removal of contaminants in ground water collected from Chandrapur district, J. Membr. Sci. Technol., 2 (2012) 1–5.
  18. J.J. Schoeman, Water Defluoridation, Water Denitrification and Water Desalination in Rural Areas in South Africa, Proceedings of Third IASTED African Conference, Power and Energy System (AfricaPES 2010), Gaborone, Botswana, 2010, pp. 244–247.
  19. V.B. Briao, J. Magoga, M. Hemkemeier, E.B. Briao, L. Girardelli, L. Sbeghen, D.P.C. Favaretto, Reverse osmosis for desalination of water from the Guarani aquifer system to produce drinking water in southern Brazil, Desalination, 344 (2014) 402–411.
  20. F. Elazhar, M. Tahaikt, A. Achatei, F. Elmidaoui, M. Taky, F. El Hannouni, I. Laaziz, M. El Amrani, A. Elmidaoui, S. Jariri, Economical evaluation of the fluoride removal by nanofi ltration, Desalination, 249 (2009) 154–157.
  21. A.H. Bannoud, Y. Darwich, Elimination des ions fluorure et manganèse contenus dans les eaux par nanofiltration, Desalination, 206 (2007) 449–456.
  22. M. Pontié, H. Buisson, C.K. Diawara, H. Essis-Tome, Studies of halide ions mass transfer in nanofiltration-application to selective defluorination of brackish drinking water, Desalination, 157 (2003) 127–134.
  23. A.W. Mohammad, Y.H. Teow, W.L. Ang, Y.T. Chung, D.L. Oatley-Radcliffe, N. Hilal, Nanofiltration membrane review: recent advances and future prospects, Desalination, 356 (2015) 226–254.
  24. N. Zouhri, M. Igouzal, M. Larif, M. Hafsi, M. Taky, A. Elmidaoui, Prediction of salt rejection by nanofiltration and reverse osmosis membranes using Spiegler-Kedem model and an optimisation procedure, Desal. Water Treat., 120 (2018) 41–50.
  25. R.R. Nair, E. Protasova, S. Strand, T. Bilstad, Implementation of Spiegler–Kedem and steric hindrance pore models for analyzing nanofiltration membrane performance for smart water production, Membranes (Basel), 8 (2018), doi: 10.3390/ membranes8030078.
  26. A. Fatehizadeha, M.M. Amin, M. Sillanpää, N. Hatami, E. Taheri, N. Baghaei, S. Mahajan, Modeling of fluoride rejection from aqueous solution by nanofiltration process: single and binary solution, Desal. Water Treat., 193 (2020) 224–234.
  27. I. Bejaoui, A. Mnif, B. Hamrouni, Influence of operating conditions on the retention of fluoride from water by nanofiltration, Desal. Water Treat., 29 (2011) 39–46.
  28. A. Charfi, N. Ben Amar, J. Harmand, Analysis of fouling mechanisms in anaerobic membrane bioreactors, Water Res., 46 (2012) 2637–2650.
  29. F. Elazhar, J. Touir, M. Elazhar, S. Belhamidi, N. El Harrak, A. Zdeg, M. Hafsi, Z. Amor, M. Taky, A. Elmidaoui, Technoeconomic comparison of reverse osmosis and nanofiltration in desalination of a Moroccan brackish groundwater, Desalination and Water Treatment, (2014) 1–7.
  30. W. Guo, H.H. Ngo, J. Li, A mini-review on membrane fouling, Bioresour. Technol., 122 (2012) 27–34.
  31. S. Lahnid, M. Tahaikt, K. Elaroui, I. Idrissi, M. Hafsi, I. Laaziz, Z. Amor, F. Tiyal, A. Elmidaoui, Economic evaluation of fluoride removal by electrodialysis, Desalination, 230 (2008) 213–219.
  32. S. El-Ghzizel, H. Zeggar, M. Tahaikt, F. Tiyal, A. Elmidaoui, M. Taky, Nanofiltration process combined with electrochemical disinfection for drinking water production: feasibility study and optimization, J. Water Process Eng., 36 (2020), doi: 10.1016/j. jwpe.2020.101225.
  33. RAYMOND, Desjardins, Le Traitement Des Eaux, Presses Internationales POLYTECHNIQUE, 2nd éd., Canada, 1997.
  34. Guidelines for Drinking-Water Quality: Fourth Edition Incorporating the First Addendum ISBN 978-92-4-154995-0.
  35. Moroccan Official Bulletin. Joint Orders No. 1275-01, 1276– 01 and 1277-01 of 17th October 2002 Defining the Quality Norms of Surface Waters, Waters Destined for Irrigation and of Surface Waters Used for the Production of Drinking Water Respectively; Official Bulletin of the Kingdom of Morocco no. 5062; Moroccan Official Bulletin: Rabat, Morocco, 2002; pp. 1518–1525.