1. H. Karoui, B. Riffault, M. Jeannin, A. Kahoul, O. Gil, M.B. Amor, M.M. Tlili, Electrochemical scaling of stainless steel in artificial seawater: role of experimental conditions on CaCO3 and Mg(OH)2 formation, Desalination, 311 (2013) 234–240.
  2. C. Barchiche, C. Deslois, O. Gil, P. Refait, B. Tribollet, Characterisation of calcareous deposits by electrochemical methods: role of sulphates, calcium concentration and temperature, Electrochim. Acta, 49 (2004) 2833–2839.
  3. A. Neville, A.P. Morizot, Calcareous scales formed by cathodic protection—an assessment of characteristics and kinetics, J. Cryst. Growth, 243 (2002) 490–502.
  4. C. Deslouis, D. Festy, O. Gil, G. Rius, S. Touzain, B. Tribollet, Characterization of calcareous deposits in artificial sea water by impedance techniques—I. Deposit of CaCO3 without Mg(OH)2, Electrochim. Acta, 43 (1998) 1891–1901.
  5. C. Delouis, D. Festy, O. Gil, V. Maillot, S. Touzain, B. Tribollet, Characterization of calcareous deposits in artificial sea water by impedances techniques: 2-deposit of Mg(OH)2 without CaCO3, Electrochim. Acta, 45 (2000) 1837–1845.
  6. A. Neville, A.P Morizot, A combined bulk chemistry/ electrochemical approach to study the precipitation, deposition and inhibition of CaCO3, Chem. Eng. Sci., 55 (2000) 4737–4743.
  7. R. Ketrane, L. Leleyter, F. Baraud, M. Jeannin, O. Gil, B. Saidani, Characterization of natural scale deposits formed in southern Algeria groundwater. Effect of its major ions on calcium carbonate precipitation, Desalination, 262 (2010) 21–30.
  8. N. Ghemmit-Doulache, A. Remli, Electrochemical behaviour of the titanium-seawater interface at the Cape-Djinet, Boumerdes thermal station: influence of the potential, temperature, and brine, Desal. Water Treat., 57 (2015) 10443–10450.
  9. T.E. Larson, Evaluation of the use of polyphosphates in the water industry, J. Am. Water Works Assn., 49 (1957) 1581–1586.
  10. W. Himelstein, Z. Amjad, The role of water analysis, scale control and cleaning agents in reverse osmosis, Ultapure Water, 2 (1985) 32–36.
  11. B.P. Boffardi, The chemistry of polyphosphate, Mater. Perform., 32 (1993) 50–53.
  12. Z. Amjad, Scale Inhibition in Desalination Applications: An Overview, Corrosion 96, The NACE International Annual Conference, Denver, Colorado, 1996, pp. 96–230.
  13. S. Lacour, V. Deluchat, J.-C. Bollinger, B. Serpaud, Complexation of trivalent cations (Al(III), Cr(III), Fe(III)) with two phosphonic acids in the pH range of fresh waters, Talanta, 46 (1998) 999–1009.
  14. S. Chafaa, J. Meullemeestre, M.-J. Schwing, F. Vierling, V. Böhmer, W. Vogt, (o-Hydroxyphenyl)methylphosphonic acids (I) and (II): spectrophotometric determination of their pKa values and of the deprotonation sequence, Helv. Chim. Acta, 76 (2004) 1425–1434.
  15. E.S.H. Fath, A. Mohamed Ismail, Operational Performance of 2 × 5,000 m3day MSF Sidi Krir Desalination Plant Part I,II Enhancement of Chemical Cleaning and Brine Heater Condensate Process, Seventh International Water Technology Conference, Egypt, 2003, pp. 603–615.
  16. M-I Production Chemicals, Scale Inhibitor SI-4497, 12556-DYNO SI-4497.
  17. N. Ghemmit-Doulache, Kinetic Study of Calcareous Deposit on Titanium Electrode and Scaling Mechanism, Comparing the Chemical and Electrochemical Method, Doctoral Thesis, University M’Hamed Bougara of Boumerdes, Algeria, 2011.
  18. N. Ghemmit-Doulache, S. Benserradj, The effect of surface treatments on the electrochemical behavior of titanium alloy in seawater by electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS), J. Mater. Environ. Sci., 6 (2015) 1829–1833.
  19. L. Beaunier, C. Gabrielli, G. Poindessous, G. Maurin, R. Rosset, Investigation of electrochemical calcareous scaling: nuclei counting and morphology, J. Electroanal. Chem., 501 (2001) 41–53.
  20. V.G. Levich, Physicochemical Hydrodynamics, 2nd ed., Prentice-Hall Inc.: Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey, 1962, pp. 384–388.
  21. N. Ghemmit-Doulache, H. Khireddine, D.S. Salah, Verification of Levich Law. Determination of hydrogen currents accoring to temperature and polarization potential during calcareous deposition, J. Environ. Sci. Eng., 5 (2011) 1269–1275.
  22. J. Ledion, P. Leroy, J.P. Labbe, TSM-Water, July/August, 1985, pp. 323–328.
  23. D.K. Demadis, P. Lykoudis, Chemistry of organophosphonate scale growth inhibitors: 3. physicochemical aspects of 2-phosphonobutane-l,2,4-tricarboxylate (PBTC) and its effect on CaCO3 crystal growth, Bioinorg. Chem. Appl., 3 (2005) 546865, doi: 10.1155/BCA.2005.135.
  24. D.K. Demadis, N. Stavgianoudaki, G. Grossmann, M. Gruner, J.L. Schwartz, Calcium−phosphonate interactions: solution behavior and Ca2+ binding by 2-hydroxyethylimino-bis(methylenephosphonate) studied by multinuclear NMR spectroscopy, Inorg. Chem., 48 (2009) 4154–4164.
  25. N. Ghemmit, Characterization of Scaling Capacity of Seawater, Study of the Effect Antideposit of Acid 2-Hydroxy, 4-Methyl, Benzyl, Phosphonic by Chronoamperometry, Complex Impedance and MEB, Master’s Thesis, University M’Hamed Bougara of Boumerdes, Algeria, 2003.
  26. S.H. Lin, S.C. Dexter, Effects of temperature and magnesium ions on calcareous deposition, Corrosion, 44 (1988) 615–622.
  27. Ch. Carré, A. Zanibellato, M. Jeannin, R. Sabot, P.G. Grillon, A. Serres, Electrochemical limestone synthesis in seawater binds metal grids and sediments for coastal protection, Environ. Chem. Lett., 18 (2020) 1193–1208.
  28. C. Li, M. Du, J. Qiu, J. Zhang, C. Gao, Influence of temperature on the protectiveness and morphological characteristics of calcareous deposits polarized by galvanostatic mode, Acta Metall. Sin. (Engl. Lett.), 27 (2014) 131–139.
  29. M. Zidoune, A. Khalil, P. Sakya, C. Colin, R. Rosset, Demonstration of the anti-scale effect of aminotris-(methylenephosphonic) acid by chronoamperometry and chronoelectrogravimetry, Electrochim. C.R. Acad. Sci. Paris, t. 315, Série II, (1992) 795–799.