1. M. Elimelech, W.A. Phillip, The future of seawater desalination: energy, technology, and the environment, Science, 333 (2011) 712–717.
  2. T. Tong, M. Elimelech, The global rise of zero liquid discharge for wastewater management: drivers, technologies, and future directions, Environ. Sci. Technol., 50 (2016) 6846–6855.
  3. C. Li, Y. Goswami, E. Stefanakos, Solar assisted seawater desalination: a review, Renewable Sustainable Energy Rev., 19 (2013) 136–163.
  4. H. Sharon, K.S. Reddy, A review of solar energy driven desalination technologies, Renewable Sustainable Energy Rev., 41 (2015) 1080–1118.
  5. X. Yu, Q. Zhang, X. Liu, N. Xu, L. Zhou, Salt-resistive photothermal materials and microstructures for interfacial solar desalination, Front. Energy Res., 9 (2021) 721407, doi: 10.3389/fenrg.2021.721407.
  6. A.E. Kabeel, S.A. El-Agouz, Review of researches and developments on solar stills, Desalination, 276 (2011) 1–12.
  7. A. Kaushal, Varun, Solar stills: a review, Renewable Sustainable Energy Rev., 11 (2010) 446–453.
  8. M. Suleman, M. Asif, S.A. Jamal, Temperature and concentration polarization in membrane distillation:
    a technical review, Desal. Water Treat., 229 (2021) 52–68.
  9. M. Fujiwara, T. Imura, Photo induced membrane separation for water purification and desalination using azobenzene modified anodized alumina membranes, ACS Nano, 9 (2015) 5705–5712.
  10. M. Fujiwara, Water desalination using visible light by disperse red 1 modified PTFE membrane, Desalination, 404 (2017) 79–86.
  11. M. Fujiwara, M. Kikuchi, Solar desalination of seawater using double-dye-modified PTFE membrane, Water Res., 127 (2017) 96–103.
  12. M. Fujiwara, M. Kikuchi, K. Tomita, Freshwater production by solar desalination of seawater using two-ply dye modified membrane system, Desal. Water Treat., 190 (2020) 1–11.
  13. M. Fujiwara, K. Takahashi, K. Takagi, Improvement of condensation step of water vapor in solar desalination of seawater and the development of three-ply membrane system, Desalination, 508 (2021) 115051, doi:10.1016/j.desal.2021.115051.
  14. S. Ben Abdallah, N. Frikha, S. Gabsi, Study of the performances of different configurations of seawater desalination with a solar membrane distillation, Desal. Water Treat., 52 (2014) 2362–2371.
  15. Z. Mao, Y. Chen, J. Ren, C. Guo, H. Liu, J. Gao, Development of a miniature low-temperature solar seawater desalination device, Desal. Water Treat., 170 (2019) 24–37.
  16. Q. Fan, L. Wu, Y. Liang, Z. Xu, Y. Li, J. Wang, P.D. Lund, M. Zeng, W. Wang, The role of micro-nano pores in interfacial solar evaporation systems – a review, Appl. Energy, 292 (2021) 116871, doi:10.1016/j.apenergy.2021.116871.
  17. F. Meng, B. Ju, S. Zhang, B. Tang, Nano/microstructured materials for solar-driven interfacial evaporators towards water purification, J. Mater. Chem. A, 9 (2021) 13746–13769.
  18. J.-T. Wang, J.-L. Hong, Effect of folding on 3D photothermal cones with efficient solar-driven water evaporation, Appl. Therm. Eng., 178 (2020) 115636, doi: 10.1016/j.applthermaleng.2020.115636.
  19. A. Khalil, F.E. Ahmed, N. Hilal, The emerging role of 3D printing in water desalination, Sci. Total Environ., 790 (2021) 148238, doi: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2021.148238.
  20. E. Chiavazzo, M. Morciano, F. Viglino, M. Fasano, P. Asinari, Passive solar high-yield seawater desalination by modular and low-cost distillation, Nat. Sustainability, 1 (2018) 763–772.
  21. D. Ghim, X. Wu, M. Suazo. Y.-S. Jun, Achieving maximum recovery of latent heat in photothermally driven multi-layer stacked membrane distillation, Nano Energy, 80 (2021) 105444, doi:10.1016/j.nanoen.2020.105444.
  22. X. Mu, Y. Gu, P. Wang, A. Wei, Y. Tian, J. Zhou, Y. Chen, J. Zhang, Z. Sun, J. Liu, L. Sun, S. Tanemura, L. Miao, Strategies for breaking theoretical evaporation limitation in direct solar steam generation, Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells, 220 (2021) 110842, doi: 10.1016/j.solmat.2020.110842.
  23. W. Wang, Y. Shi, C. Zhang, S. Hong, L. Shi, J. Chang, R. Li, Y. Jin, C. Ong, S. Zhuo, P. Wang, Simultaneous production of freshwater and electricity via multistage solar photovoltaic membrane distillation, Nat. Commun., 10 (2019) 3012, doi: 10.1038/s41467-019-10817-6.
  24. Z. Xu, L, Zhang, L. Zhao, B. Li, B. Bhatia, C. Wang, K.L. Wilke, Y. Song, O. Labban, J.H. Lienhard, R. Wang, E.N. Wang, Ultrahigh-efficiency desalination via a thermally-localized multistage solar still, Energy Environ. Sci., 13 (2020) 830–839.
  25. M. Morciano, M. Fasano, L. Bergamasco, A. Albiero, M.L. Curzio, P. Asinari, E. Chiavazzo, Sustainable freshwater production using passive membrane distillation and waste heat recovery from portable generator sets, Appl. Energy, 258 (2020) 114086, doi: 10.1016/j.apenergy.2019.114086.
  26. W. Wang, S. Aleid, Y. Shi, C. Zhang, R. Li, M. Wu, S. Zhuo, P. Wang, Integrated solar-driven PV cooling and seawater desalination with zero liquid discharge, Joule, 5 (2021) 1873–1887.
  27. Handbook of Chemistry: Pure Chemistry, 4th ed., Pt. 2, The Chemical Society of Japan (Eds.), Marzen, Tokyo, 1993, pp. 66–70 (in Japanese).
  28. A. Alkhudhiri, N. Darwish, N. Hilal, Membrane distillation: a comprehensive review, Desalination, 287 (2012) 2–18.
  29. M. Khayet, Solar desalination by membrane distillation: dispersion in energy consumption analysis and water production costs (a review), Desalination, 308 (2013) 89–101.
  30. K.W. Lawson, D.R. Lloyd, Membrane distillation, J. Membr. Sci., 124 (1997) 1–25.
  31. E. Jéquier, F. Constant, Water as an essential nutrient: the physiological basis of hydration, Eur. J. Clin. Nutr., 64 (2010) 115–123.