1. L. Zhang, S. Liu, Investigation of organic compounds migration from polymeric pipes into drinking water under long retention times, Procedia Eng., 70 (2014) 1753–1761.
  2. K.P. Fattah, M. Mortula, Leaching of organic material in polymeric pipes distributing desalinated water, Int. J. Hydrol. Sci. Technol., 10 (2020) 210–219.
  3. I. Skjevrak, A. Due, K.O. Gjerstad, H. Herikstad, Volatile organic components migrating from plastic pipes (HDPE, PEX and PVC) into drinking water, Water Res., 37 (2003) 1912–1920.
  4. M.M. Shaikh, A. AlSuhaimi, M.M. Hanafiah, S.F. Alshahateet, Release of organic contaminants migrating from polyvinyl chloride polymeric into drinking water under three successive stagnant periods of time, Desal. Water Treat., 149 (2019) 105–116.
  5. B.E. Oßmann, Microplastics in drinking water? Present state of knowledge and open questions, Curr. Opin. Food Sci., 41 (2021) 44–51.
  6. Y. Picó, D. Barceló, Analysis and prevention of microplastics pollution in water: current perspectives and future directions, ACS Omega, 4 (2019) 6709−6719.
  7. H. Aslam, T. Ali, M.M. Mortula, A.G. Attaelmanan, Evaluation of microplastics in beach sediments along the coast of Dubai, UAE, Mar. Pollut. Bull., 150 (2020) 110739, doi: 10.1016/j.marpolbul.2019.110739.
  8. B.E. Oßmann, G. Sarau, H. Holtmannspötter, M. Pischetsrieder, S.H. Christiansen, W. Dicke, Small-sized microplastics and pigmented particles in bottled mineral water, Water Res., 141 (2018) 307–316.
  9. W. Zhang, S. Zhang, J. Wang, Y. Wang, J. Mu, P. Wang, X. Lin, D. Ma, Microplastic pollution in the surface waters of the Bohai Sea, China, Environ. Pollut., 231 (2017) 541–548.
  10. M. Enfrin, L.F. Dumée, J. Lee, Nano/microplastics in water and wastewater treatment processes – origin, impact and potential solutions, Water Res., 161 (2019) 621–638.
  11. X. Chu, B. Zheng, Z. Li, C. Cai, Z. Peng, P. Zhao, Y. Tian, Occurrence and distribution of microplastics in water supply systems: in water and pipe scales, Sci. Total Environ., 803 (2022) 150004, doi: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2021.150004.
  12. X. Liu, H. Shi, B. Xie, D.D. Dionysiou, Y. Zhao, Microplastics as both a sink and a source of bisphenol A in the marine environment, Environ. Sci. Technol., 53 (2019) 10188−10196.
  13. J. Jung, S. Kim, Y. Kim, S. Jeong, J. Lee, Tracing microplastics from raw water to drinking water treatment plants in Busan, South Korea, Sci. Total Environ., 825 (2022) 154015, doi: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2022.154015.
  14. D.J. Sarkar, S.D. Sarkar, B.K. Das, J.K. Praharaj, D.K. Mahajan, B. Purokait, T.R. Mohanty, D. Mohanty, P. Gogoi, S. Kumar V, B.K. Behera, R.K. Manna, S. Samanta, Microplastics removal efficiency of drinking water treatment plant with pulse clarifier, J. Hazard. Mater., 413 (2021) 125347, doi: 10.1016/j.jhazmat.2021.125347.
  15. B. Ma, W. Xue, Y. Ding, C. Hu, H. Liu, J. Qu, Removal characteristics of microplastics by Fe-based coagulants during drinking water treatment, J. Environ. Sci., 78 (2019) 267–275.
  16. I.V. Kirstein, F. Hensel, A. Gomiero, L. Iordachescu, A. Vianello, H.B. Wittgren, J. Vollertsen, Drinking plastics? – quantification and qualification of microplastics in drinking water distribution systems by μFTIR and Py-GCMS, Water Res., 188 (2021) 116519, doi: 10.1016/j.watres.2020.116519.
  17. M.M. Mortula, S. Atabay, K.P. Fattah, A. Madbuly, Leachability of microplastic from different plastic materials, J. Environ. Manage., 294 (2021) 112995, doi: 10.1016/j.jenvman.2021.112995.
  18. A. Hammodat, S. Nassar, M.M. Mortula, S. Zaman, Factors affecting the leaching of micro and nanoplastics in the water distribution system, J. Environ. Manage., 345 (2023) 118779, doi: 10.1016/j.jenvman.2023.118779.
  19. WHO – Regional Office for South-East Asia, Principles and Practices of Drinking-Water Chlorination: A Guide to Strengthening Chlorination Practices in Small-To Medium- Sized Water Supplies, World Health Organization, New Delhi, 2017.
  20. APHA, American Water Works Association and Water Environmental Federation, Standard Methods for the Examination of Water and Wastewater, 24th ed., American Public Health Association, Washington, D.C., 2023.
  21. P. Li, Y. Lai, Q. Li, L. Dong, Z. Tan, S. Yu, Y. Chen, V.K. Sharma, J. Liu, G. Jiang, Total organic carbon as a quantitative index of micro- and nano-plastic pollution, Anal. Chem., 94 (2022) 740−747.
  22. Y. Hong, J. Oh, I. Lee, C. Fan, S. Pan, M. Jang, Y. Park, H. Kim, Total-organic-carbon-based quantitative estimation of microplastics in sewage, Chem. Eng. J., 423 (2021) 130182, doi: 10.1016/j.cej.2021.130182.
  23. D. Elkhatib, V. Oyanedel-Craver, A critical review of extraction and identification methods of microplastics in wastewater and drinking water, Environ. Sci. Technol., 54 (2020) 7037–7049.
  24. M. Paredes, T. Castillo, R. Viteri, G. Fuentes, E. Bodero, Microplastics in the drinking water of the Riobamba city, Ecuador. Sci. Rev. Eng. Environ., 28 (2020) 653–663.
  25. J. Bayo, S. Olmos, J. López-Castellanos, Microplastics in an urban wastewater treatment plant: the influence of physicochemical parameters and environmental factors, Chemosphere, 238 (2020) 124593, doi: 10.1016/j.chemosphere.2019.124593.
  26. G. Renner, T.C. Schmidt, J. Schram, A new chemometric approach for automatic identification of microplastics from environmental compartments based on FTIR spectroscopy, Anal. Chem., 89 (2017) 12045–12053.
  27. Y. Liu, F. Gao, Z. Li, H. Ding, D. Zhang, L. Feng, X. Li, An optimized procedure for extraction and identification of microplastics in marine sediment, Mar. Pollut. Bull., 165 (2021) 112130, doi: 10.1016/j.marpolbul.2021.112130.
  28. M. Gniadek, A. Dąbrowska, The marine nano- and microplastics characterisation by SEM-EDX: the potential of the method in comparison with various physical and chemical approaches, Mar. Pollut. Bull., 148 (2019) 210–216.
  29. Z. Wang, J. Wagner, S. Ghosal, G. Bedi, S. Wall, SEM/EDS and optical microscopy analyses of microplastics in ocean trawl and fish guts, Sci. Total Environ., 603–604 (2017) 616–626.
  30. X. Zhang, Y. Chen, A.H. Konsowa, X. Zhu, J.C. Crittenden, Evaluation of an innovative polyvinyl chloride (PVC) ultrafiltration membrane for wastewater treatment, Sep. Purif. Technol., 70 (2009) 71–78.
  31. C. Tang, H. Chen, P. Brimblecombe, C. Lee, Textural, surface and chemical properties of polyvinyl chloride particles degraded in a simulated environment, Mar. Pollut. Bull., 133 (2018) 392–401.
  32. X. Ren, Y. Han, H. Zhao, Z. Zhang, T. Tsui, Q. Wang, Elucidating the characteristic of leachates released from microplastics under different aging conditions: perspectives of dissolved organic carbon fingerprints and nano-plastics, Water Res., 233 (2023) 119786, doi: 10.1016/j.watres.2023.119786.
  33. M.A. Silva, M.G.A. Vieira, A.C.G. Maçumoto, M.M. Beppu, Polyvinyl chloride (PVC) and natural rubber films plasticized with a natural polymeric plasticizer obtained through polyesterification of rice fatty acid, Polym. Test., 30 (2011) 478–484.
  34. J. Chen, X.A. Nie, J.C. Jiang, Y.H. Zhou, Thermal degradation and plasticizing mechanism of poly(vinyl chloride) plasticized with a novel cardanol derived plasticizer, IOP Conf. Ser.: Mater. Sci. Eng., 292 (2017) 012008, doi: 10.1088/1757-899X/292/1/012008.