1. X. Zheng, D. Chen, Q. Wang, Z.X. Zhang, Seawater desalination in China: retrospect and prospect, Chem. Eng. J., 242 (2014) 404–413.
  2. P. Shakkthivel, D. Ramesh, R. Sathiyamoorthi, T. Vasudevan, Water soluble copolymers for calcium carbonate and calcium sulphate scale control in cooling water systems, J. Appl. Polym. Sci., 96 (2005) 1451–1459.
  3. S.M. Thombre, B.D. Sarwade, Synthesis and biodegradability of polyaspartic acid: a critical review, J. Macromol. Sci., 42 (2005) 1299–1315.
  4. K.D. Demadis, E. Neofotistou, E. Mavredaki, M. Tsiknakis, E.M. Sarigiannidou, S.D. Katarachia, Inorganic foulants in membrane systems: chemical control strategies and the contribution of “green chemistry”, Desalination, 179 (2005) 281–295.
  5. E. Mavredaki, A. Stathoulopoulou, E. Neofotistou, K.D. Demadis, Environmentally benign chemical additives in the treatment and chemical cleaning of process water systems: implications for green chemical technology, Desalination, 210 (2007) 257–265.
  6. A. Ketsetzi, A. Stathoulopoulou, K.D. Demadis, Being “green” in chemical water treatment technologies: issues, challenges and developments, Desalination, 223 (2008) 487–493.
  7. A. Stathoulopoulou, K.D. Demadis, Enhancement of silicate solubility by use of “green” additives: linking green chemistry and chemical water treatment, Desalination 224 (2008) 223–230.
  8. K.D. Demadis, E. Mavredaki, A. Stathoulopoulou, E. Neofotistou, C. Mantzaridis, Industrial water systems: problems, challenges and solutions for the process industries, Desalination, 213 (2007) 38–46.
  9. T.A. Hoang, Mechanisms of Scale Formation and Inhibition, Mineral Scales and Deposits, Chapter 3, 2015, pp. 47–83.
  10. F. Yan, F.F. Zhang, B. Narayan, L. Wang, Z.Y. Dai, Z. Zhang, Y. Liu, G.D. Ruan, K. Amy, T. Mason, Adsorption and precipitation of scale inhibitors on shale formations, J. Pet. Sci. Eng., 13 (2015) 32–40.
  11. D.L. Verraest, J.A. Peters, H. Van Bekkum, G.M. Van Rosmalen, Carboxymethyl inulin: a new inhibitor for calcium carbonate precipitation, J. Am. Oil Chem. Soc., 73 (1996) 55–62.
  12. H.K. Can, G. Üner, Water-soluble anhydride containing alternating copolymers as scale inhibitors, Desalination, 355 (2015) 225–232.
  13. X.R. Guo, F.X. Qiu, K. Dong, X. Zhou, J. Qi, Y. Zhou, D.Y. Yang, Preparation, characterization and scale performance of scale inhibitor copolymer modification with chitosan, J. Ind. Eng. Chem., 18 (2012) 2177–2183.
  14. A.T. Kan, G.M. Fu, M.B. Tomson, Adsorption and precipitation of an aminoalkyl phosphonate onto calcite, J. Colloid Interface Sci., 281 (2005) 275–284.
  15. K.D. Demadis, S.D. Katarachia, Metal-phosphonate chemistry: synthesis, crystal, structure of calcium-aminotris-(methylene phosphonate) and inhibition of CaCO3 crystal growth, Phosphorus, Sulfur Silicon Relat. Elem., 179 (2004) 627–648.
  16. R.G. Jonasson, K. Rispler, B. Wiwchar, W.D. Gunter, Effect of phosphonate inhibitors on calcite nucleation kinetics as a function of temperature using light scattering in an autoclave, Chem. Geol., 132 (1996) 215–225.
  17. J.S. Gill, Inhibition of silica-silicate deposits in industrial water, Colloids Surf., A, 74 (1993) 101–106.
  18. T. Chen, A. Neville, M.D. Yuan, Influence of Mg2+ on CaCO3 formation-bulk precipitation and surface deposition, Chem. Eng. Sci., 61 (2006) 5318–5327.
  19. R. Eriksson, J. Merta, J.B. Rosenholm, The calcite/water interface I. Surface charge in indifferent electrolyte media and the influence of low-molecular-weight polyelectrolyte, J. Colloid Interface Sci., 313 (2007) 184–193.
  20. Z.H. Shen, J.S. Li, K. Xu, L.L. Ding, H.Q. Ren, The effect of synthesized hydrolyzed polymaleic anhydride (HPMA) on the crystal of calcium carbonate, Desalination, 284 (2012) 238–244.
  21. L.C. Wang, S.F. Li, L.B. Wang, K. Cui, Q.L. Zhang, H.B. Liu, G. Li, Relationships between the characteristics of CaCO3 fouling and the flow velocity in smooth tube, Exp. Thermal Fluid Sci., 74 (2016) 143–159.
  22. N. Cabrera, D.A. Vermilyea, in: Growth and Perfection of Crystals, R.H. Doremus, B.W. Roberts, D. Turnbll, Eds., Wiley, New York, 1958, p. 313.
  23. J. Franke, A. Mersmann, The influence of the operational conditions on the precipitation process, Chem. Eng. Sci., 50 (1995) 1737–1753.
  24. Y. Zarga, H.B. Boubaker, N. Ghaffour, H. Elfil, Study of calcium carbonate and sulfate co-precipitation, Chem. Eng. Sci., 96 (2013) 33–41.
  25. R.M. Sheikholeslami, M. Ng, Calcium sulfate precipitation in the presence of non-dominant calcium carbonate: thermodynamics and kinetics, Ind. Eng. Chem. Res., 40 (2001) 3570–3578.
  26. T.H. Chong, R. Sheikholeslami, Thermodynamics and kinetics for mixed calcium carbonate and calcium sulfate precipitation, Chem. Eng. Sci., 56 (2001) 5391–5400.
  27. R.G. Compton, C.A. Brown, The inhibition of calcite dissolution/ precipitation: Mg2+ cations, J. Colloid Interface Sci., 165 (1994) 445–449.
  28. F. Jones, A. Oliveira, A.L. Rohl, G.M. Parkinson, M.I. Ogden, M.M. Reyhani, Investigation into the effect of phosphonate inhibitors on barium sulfate precipitation, J. Cryst. Growth, 237–239 (2002) 424–429.
  29. M. Wolthers, L. Charlet, P. Van Cappellen, The surface chemistry of divalent metal carbonate minerals: a critical assessment of surface charge and potential data using the charge distribution multi-site ion complexation model, Am. J. Sci., 308 (2008) 905–941.
  30. D.W. Thompson, P.G. Pownall, Surface electrical properties of calcite, J. Colloid Interface Sci., 131 (1989) 74–82.
  31. L.F. Greenlee, F. Testa, D.F. Lawler, B.D. Freeman, P. Moulin, The effect of antiscalant addition on calcium carbonate precipitation for a simplified synthetic brackish water reverse osmosis concentrate, Water Res., 44 (2010) 2957–2969.
  32. L.C. Wang, K. Cui, L.B. Wang, H.X. Li, S.F. Li, Q.L. Zhang, H.B. Liu, The effect of ethylene oxide groups in alkyl ethoxy carboxylates on its scale inhibition performance, Desalination, 379 (2016) 75–84.
  33. S. Weiner, I. Sagi, L. Addadi, Choosing the crystallization path less traveled, Science, 309 (2005) 1027–1028.
  34. A. Kotachi, T. Miura, H. Imai, Morphological evaluation and film formation with iso-oriented calcite crystals using binary poly (acrylic acid), Chem. Mater., 16 (2004) 3191–3196.
  35. H. Imai, Mesostructured crystals: growth processes and features, Prog. Cryst. Growth Charact. Mater., 62 (2016) 212–226.
  36. M.M. Reddy, A.R. Hoch, Calcite crystal growth rate inhibition by polycarboxylic acids, J. Colloid Interface Sci., 235 (2001) 365–370.