1. L. Setiawan, R. Wang, L. Shi, K. Li, A.G. Fane, Novel dual-layer hollow fiber membranes applied for forward osmosis process, J. Membr. Sci., 421 (2012) 238–246.
  2. H.L. Liu, C.F. Xiao, Q.L. Huang, X.Y. Hu, Structure design and performance study on homogeneous-reinforced polyvinyl chloride hollow fiber membranes, Desalination, 331 (2013) 35–45.
  3. X.L. Zhang, C.F. Xiao, X.Y. Hu, Q.Q. Bai, Preparation and properties of homogeneous-reinforced polyvinylidene fluoride hollow fiber membrane, Appl. Surf. Sci., 264 (2013) 801–810.
  4. Y. Li, T.S. Chung, Exploration of highly sulfonated polyethersulfone (SPES) as a membrane material with the aid of dual-layer hollow fiber fabrication technology for protein separation, J. Membr. Sci., 309 (2008) 45–55.
  5. T.Y. Liu, R.X. Zhang, Q. Li, B.V.D. Bruggen, X.L. Wang, Fabrication of a novel dual-layer (PES/PVDF) hollow fiber ultrafiltration membrane for wastewater treatment, J. Membr. Sci., 472 (2014) 119–132.
  6. X.L. Ding, Y.M. Cao, H.Y. Zhao, L.N. Wang, Q. Yuan, Fabrication of high performance matrimid/polysulfone dual-layer hollow fiber membranes for O2/N2 separation, J. Membr. Sci., 323 (2008) 352–361.
  7. S.S. Hosseini, N. Peng, T.S. Chung, Gas separation membranes developed through integration of polymer blending and dual layer hollow fiber spinning process for hydrogen and natural gas enrichments, J. Membr. Sci., 349 (2010) 156–166.
  8. H.Z. Chen, Y.C. Xiao, T.S. Chung, Multi-layer composite hollow fiber membranes derived from poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG) containing hybrid materials for CO2/N2 separation, J. Membr. Sci., 381 (2011) 211–220.
  9. Y. Wang, S.H. Coh, T.S. Chung, P. Na, Polyamide-imide/polyetherimide dual-layer hollow fiber membranes for pervaporation dehydration of C1-C4 alcohols, J. Membr. Sci., 326 (2009) 222–233.
  10. S. Bonyadi, T.S. Chung, Flux enhancement in membrane distillation by fabrication of dual layer hydrophilichydrophobic hollow fiber membranes, J. Membr. Sci., 306 (2007) 134–146.
  11. P. Wang, M.M. Tioh, T.S. Chung, Morphological architecture of dual-layer hollow fiber for membrane distillation with higher desalination performance, Water Res., 45 (2011) 5489–5500.
  12. S.P. Sun, K.Y. Wang, N. Peng, T.A. Hatton, T.S. Chung, Novel polyamide-imide/cellulose acetate dual-layer hollow fiber membranes for nanofiltration, J. Membr. Sci., 363 (2010) 232–242.
  13. Y. Zhang, R. Mulvenna, B.W. Boudouris, W.A. Phillip, Nanomanufacturing of high-performance hollow fiber nanofiltration membranes by coating uniform block polymer films from solution, J. Mater. Chem. A, 5 (2017) 3358–3370.
  14. Q. Yang, K.Y. Wang, T.S. Chung, Dual-layer hollow fibers with enhanced flux as novel forward osmosis membranes for water production, Environ. Sci. Technol., 43 (2009) 2800–2805.
  15. L. Setiawan, R. Wang, K. Li, A.G. Fane, Fabrication and characterization of forward osmosis hollow fiber membranes with antifouling NF-like selective layer, J. Membr. Sci., 394–395 (2012) 80–88.
  16. T.Y. Liu, C.K. Li, B. Pang, B.V.D. Bruggen, X.L. Wang, Fabrication of a dual-layer (CA/PVDF) hollow fiber membrane for RO concentrate treatment, Desalination, 365 (2015) 57–69.
  17. H. Dzinun, M.H.D. Othman, A.F. Ismail, M.H. Puteh, M.A. Rahman, J. Jaafar, Performance evaluation of co-extruded microporous dual-layer hollow fiber membranes using a hybrid membrane photoreactor, Desalination, 403 (2017) 46–52.
  18. X. Meng, X. Gong, Y. Yin, N. Yang, X. Tan, Z.F. Ma, Effect of the co-spun anode functional layer on the performance of the direct-methane microtubular solid oxide fuel cells, J. Power Sources, 247 (2014) 587–593.
  19. X.L. Zhang, C.F. Xiao, X.Y. Hu, X. Jin, Q.Q. Bai, Study on the interfacial bonding state and fouling phenomena of polyvinylidene fluoride matrix-reinforced hollow fiber membranes, Desalination, 330 (2013) 49–60.
  20. X.Q. Zhang, X.Y. Fan, C. Yan, H.Z. Li, Y.D. Zhu, X.T. Li, L.P. Yu, Interfacial microstructure and properties of carbon fiber composites modified with graphene oxide, ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces, 4 (2012) 1543–1552.
  21. M.M. Haque, M.E. Ali, M. Hasen, M.N. Islam, H. Kim, Chemical treatment of coir fiber reinforced polypropylene composites, Ind. Eng. Chem. Res., 51 (2012) 3958–3965.
  22. H.L. Liu, C.F. Xiao, Q.L. Huang, X.Y. Hu, W. Shu, Preparation and interface structure study on dual-layer polyvinyl chloride matrix reinforced hollow fiber membranes, J. Membr. Sci., 472 (2014) 210–221.
  23. X.T. Zhao, Y.L. Su, W.J. Chen, J.M. Peng, Z.Y. Jiang, Grafting perfluoroalkyl groups onto polyacrylonitrile membrane surface for improved fouling release property, J. Membr. Sci., 415–416 (2012) 824–834.
  24. X.C. Fan, Y.L. Su, X.T. Zhao, Y.F. Li, R.N. Zhang, J.J. Zhao, Z.Y. Jiang, J.N. Zhu, Y.Y. Ma, Y. Liu, Fabrication of polyvinyl chloride ultrafiltration membranes with stable antifouling property by exploring the pore formation and surface modification capabilities of polyvinyl formal, J. Membr. Sci., 464 (2014) 100–109.
  25. J. Liu, P.L. Li, Y.D. Li, L.X. Xie, S.C. Wang, Z. Wang, Preparation of PET threads reinforced PVDF hollow fiber membrane, Desalination, 249 (2009) 453–457.
  26. J. Brandrup, E.H. Immergut, E.A. Grulke, Polymer Handbook, A Wiley-Interscience Publication, United States of America, Vol. VII, 1999, pp. 671–714.
  27. X.Y. Hu, C.F. Xiao, S.L. An, G.X. Jia, Study on the interfacial micro-voids of poly(vinylidene difluoride)/polyurethane blend membrane, J. Mater. Sci., 42 (2007) 6234–6239.
  28. X.Y. Hu, Y.B. Chen, H.X. Liang, C.F. Xiao, Preparation of pressure responsive hollow fiber membrane by melt-spinning of polyurethane-poly(vinylidene fluoride)-poly(ethylene glycol) blends, Mater. Manuf. Process, 25 (2010) 1018–1020.